Higher Derivatives of Exponential Function

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Let $\exp x$ be the exponential function.


$\map {\dfrac {\d^n} {\d x^n} } {\exp x} = \exp x$


Let $c$ be a constant.


$\map {\dfrac {\d^n} {\d x^n} } {\map \exp {c x} } = c^n \map \exp {c x}$


Proof by induction:

For all $n \in \N_{>0}$, let $\map P n$ be the proposition:

$\map {\dfrac {\d^n} {\d x^n} } {\exp x} = \exp x$

Basis for the Induction

$\map P 1$ is true, as this is the case proved in Derivative of Exponential Function:

$\map {\dfrac \d {\d x} } {\exp x} = \exp x$

This is our basis for the induction.

Induction Hypothesis

Now we need to show that, if $\map P k$ is true, where $k \ge 1$, then it logically follows that $\map P {k + 1}$ is true.

So this is our induction hypothesis:

$\map {\dfrac {\d^k} {\d x^k} } {\exp x} = \exp x$

Then we need to show:

$\map {\dfrac {\d^{k + 1} } {\d x^{k + 1} } } {\exp x} = \exp x$

Induction Step

This is our induction step:

\(\ds \map {\dfrac {\d^{k + 1} } {\d x^{k + 1} } } {\exp x}\) \(=\) \(\ds \map {\dfrac \d {\d x} } {\dfrac {\d^k} {\d x^k} } {\exp x}\) Definition of Higher Derivatives
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds \map {\dfrac \d {\d x} } {\exp x}\) Induction Hypothesis
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds \exp x\) Basis for the Induction

So $\map P k \implies \map P {k + 1}$ and the result follows by the Principle of Mathematical Induction.


$\forall n \in \N_{>0}: \map {\dfrac {\d^n} {\d x^n} } {\exp x} = \exp x$