# Hilbert's Basis Theorem for Finitely Generated Algebras

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## Theorem

Let $A$ be a Noetherian ring.

Let $B$ be a finitely generated algebra over $A$.

Then $B$ is a Noetherian ring.

## Proof

Let $\set {b_1, \ldots , b_n} \subseteq B$ be a generator of $B$.

Let $A \sqbrk {X_1, \ldots, X_n}$ be the ring of polynomial forms over $A$ in $\sequence {X_1, \ldots ,X_n}$.

By Hilbert's basis theorem for polynomial rings, $A \sqbrk {X_1, \ldots, X_n}$ is Noetherian.

Let $\phi : A \sqbrk {X_1, \ldots, X_n} \to B$ be the homomorphism defined by:

- $\map f {X_1, \ldots , X_n} \mapsto \map f {b_1, \ldots , b_n}$

Then, by Definition of Generator of Algebra:

- $\Img \phi = B$

Thus by First Isomorphism Theorem for Rings:

- $B \cong A \sqbrk {X_1, \ldots, X_n} / \map \ker \phi$

Now the right hand side is Noetherian, since Quotient Ring of Noetherian Ring is Noetherian.

Thus $B$ is Noetherian.

$\blacksquare$

## Source of Name

This entry was named for David Hilbert.