Image of Intersection under Injection/Family of Sets

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Theorem

Let $S$ and $T$ be sets.

Let $\family {S_i}_{i \mathop \in I}$ be a family of subsets of $S$.

Let $f: S \to T$ be a mapping.


Then:

$\displaystyle f \sqbrk {\bigcap_{i \mathop \in I} S_i} = \bigcap_{i \mathop \in I} f \sqbrk {S_i}$

if and only if $f$ is an injection.


Proof

An injection is a type of one-to-one relation, and therefore also a one-to-many relation.


Therefore Image of Intersection under One-to-Many Relation: Family of Sets applies:

$\displaystyle \mathcal R \sqbrk {\bigcap_{i \mathop \in I} S_i} = \bigcap_{i \mathop \in I} \mathcal R \sqbrk {S_i}$

if and only if $\mathcal R$ is a one-to-many relation.


We have that $f$ is a mapping and therefore a many-to-one relation.

So $f$ is a one-to-many relation if and only if $f$ is also an injection.


It follows that:

$\displaystyle f \sqbrk {\bigcap_{i \mathop \in I} S_i} = \bigcap_{i \mathop \in I} f \sqbrk {S_i}$

if and only if $f$ is an injection.

$\blacksquare$


Sources