# Integer Reciprocal Space contains Cauchy Sequence with no Limit

## Theorem

Let $A \subseteq \R$ be the set of all points on $\R$ defined as:

$A := \set {\dfrac 1 n : n \in \Z_{>0} }$

Let $\struct {A, \tau_d}$ be the integer reciprocal space under the usual (Euclidean) topology.

Then $A$ has a Cauchy sequence which has no limit in $A$.

## Proof

Let $\sequence {x_n}$ be the sequence $1, \dfrac 1 2, \dfrac 1 3, \ldots$

Let $\epsilon \in \R_{>0}$ be a (strictly) positive real number.

By the Archimedean Principle:

$\exists \N \in n: n > \dfrac 1 \epsilon$

and so:

$\exists \N \in n: \dfrac 1 n < \epsilon$

As:

$0 < \dfrac 1 {n + 1} < \dfrac 1 n$

it follows that:

$\size {\dfrac 1 n - \dfrac 1 {n + 1} } < \epsilon$

and so $\sequence {x_n}$ is a Cauchy sequence.

From Sequence of Powers of Reciprocals is Null Sequence, $\sequence {x_n}$ is a basic null sequence.

That is:

$\ds \lim_{n \mathop \to \infty} \frac 1 n = 0$

As $0 \notin A$, the result follows.

$\blacksquare$