# Integer Subtraction is Closed

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## Theorem

The set of integers is closed under subtraction:

$\forall a, b \in \Z: a - b \in \Z$

## Proof

From the definition of subtraction:

$a - b := a + \paren {-b}$

where $-b$ is the inverse for integer addition.

From Integers under Addition form Abelian Group, the algebraic structure $\struct {\Z, +}$ is a group.

Thus:

$\forall a, b \in \Z: a + \paren {-b} \in \Z$

Therefore integer subtraction is closed.

$\blacksquare$