# Intersection Distributes over Union/Venn Diagram

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## Theorem

Set intersection is distributive over set union:

- $R \cap \paren {S \cup T} = \paren {R \cap S} \cup \paren {R \cap T}$

## Proof

Demonstration by Venn diagram:

In the left hand diagram, $R$ is depicted in yellow and $S \cup T$ is depicted in blue.

Their intersection $R \cap \paren {S \cup T}$ where they overlap is depicted in green.

In the right hand diagram, $\paren {R \cap S}$ is depicted in yellow and $\paren {R \cap T}$ is depicted in blue.

Their intersection, where they overlap, is depicted in green.

Their union is the total shaded area: yellow, blue and green.

As can be seen by inspection, the areas are the same.

## Sources

- 1965: Seth Warner:
*Modern Algebra*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $\text I$: Algebraic Structures: $\S 3$: Unions and Intersections of Sets - 2008: David Joyner:
*Adventures in Group Theory*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $1$: Elementary, my dear Watson: $\S 1.2$: Elements, my dear Watson: Ponderable $1.2.1 \ \text{(a)}$