Intersection of Subset with Upper Bounds

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Theorem

Let $\left({S, \preceq}\right)$ be an ordered set.

Let $T \subseteq S$.

Let $T^*$ be the set of all upper bounds of $T$ in $S$.


Then $T^* \cap T \ne \varnothing$ if and only if:

$T$ has a greatest element $M$

and

$T^* \cap T$ is a singleton such that $T^* \cap T = \left\{{M}\right\}$


Proof

Suppose $T^* \cap T = \varnothing$, where $\varnothing$ denotes the empty set.

That means $T$ contains none of its upper bounds, if indeed it has any.

From Greatest Element is Upper Bound, if $T$ had a greatest element, it would be an upper bound contained in $T$.

It follows that $T$ can have no greatest element.


Otherwise $T^* \cap T \ne \varnothing$.

That means $T$ contains at least one of its upper bounds.

Suppose $\exists a, b \in T^* \cap T$.

From Intersection is Subset it follows that $a, b \in T$.

Then:

$\forall y \in T: y \preceq a$
$\forall y \in T: y \preceq b$

Thus both $a$ and $b$ fulfil the criteria for being a greatest element of $T$.

From Greatest Element is Unique it follows that $a = b$ and so $T^* \cap T$ is a singleton containing the greatest element of $T$.

$\blacksquare$


Also see


Sources