Kernel of Group Homomorphism Corresponds with Normal Subgroup of Domain

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Let $\struct {G, \circ}$ and $\struct {H, *}$ be groups.

Let $\phi: \struct {G, \circ} \to \struct {H, *}$ be a group homomorphism.

Let $\map \ker \phi$ be the kernel of $\phi$.

Then there exists $N \lhd G$, a normal subgroup of $G$ such that:

$N = \map \ker \phi$

Conversely, let $N \lhd G$ be normal subgroup of $G$.

Then there exists $\phi: \struct {G, \circ} \to \struct {H, *}$, a group homomorphism, whose kernel $\map \ker \phi$ is such that:

$\map \ker \phi = N$


The first statement is Kernel is Normal Subgroup of Domain:

The kernel of $\phi$ is a normal subgroup of the domain of $\phi$:
$\map \ker \phi \lhd \Dom \phi$

The second statement is Quotient Group Epimorphism is Epimorphism:

The mapping $\phi: G \to G / N$, defined as:
$\phi: G \to G / N: \map \phi x = x N$
is a group epimorphism, and its kernel is $N$.