# Linear Subspaces Closed under Setwise Addition

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## Theorem

Let $V$ be a $K$-vector space.

Let $M, N$ be linear subspaces of $V$.

Then $L := M + N$ is also a linear subspace of $V$, where $+$ denotes setwise addition.

## Proof

It needs to be demonstrated that $L$ is closed under $+$ and $\circ$.

So let $m_1 + n_1, m_2 + n_2 \in L$.

Then $\paren {m_1 + n_1} + \paren {m_2 + n_2} = \paren {m_1 + m_2} + \paren {n_1 + n_2} \in L$.

It follows that $L$ is closed under $+$.

Now let $\lambda \in K, m + n \in L$.

Then $\lambda \circ \paren {m + n} = \paren {\lambda \circ m} + \paren {\lambda \circ n} \in L$.

It follows that $L$ is closed under $\circ$.

Hence the result, by definition of linear subspace.

$\blacksquare$