Locally Arc-Connected Space is not necessarily Arc-Connected

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Theorem

Let $T = \struct {S, \tau}$ be a topological space which is locally arc-connected.


Then it is not necessarily the case that $T$ is also arc-connected.


Proof

Let $T := \struct {\R, \tau_d}$ be the real number line $\R$ under the usual (Euclidean) topology $\tau_d$.

Let $a, b, c \in \R$ where $a < b < c$.

Let $A$ be the union of the two open intervals:

$A := \openint a b \cup \openint b c$

Let $T' := \struct {A, \tau_A}$ be the subspace composed of $A$ with the subspace topology induced on $\tau_d$ by $A$.


From Union of Adjacent Open Intervals is Locally Arc-Connected, $T'$ is a locally arc-connected space.

From Union of Adjacent Open Intervals is not Arc-Connected, $T$ is not a arc-connected space.

Hence the result.

$\blacksquare$


Sources