# Mapping/Examples/x^3 + y^4 = 1

## Example of Relations which is not a Mapping

Let $R_4$ be the relation defined on the Cartesian plane $\R \times \R$ as:

$R_4 = \set {\tuple {x, y} \in \R \times \R: x^3 + y^4 = 1}$

Then $R_4$ is not a mapping.

## Proof

Graph of $x^3 + y^4 = 1$

$R_4$ fails to be a mapping for the following reasons:

$(1): \quad$ For $x > 1$, there exists no $y \in \R$ such that $x^3 + y^4 = 1$.

Thus $R_4$ fails to be left-total.

$(2): \quad$ For $x < 1$, there exist exactly two $y \in \R$ such that $x^3 + y^4 = 1$, for example:

 $\displaystyle 0^3 + 1^4$ $=$ $\displaystyle 1$ $\displaystyle 0^3 + \paren {-1}^4$ $=$ $\displaystyle 1$

So both $\tuple {0, 1}$ and $\tuple {0, -1}$ are elements of $R_4$.

Thus $R_4$ fails to be many-to-one.

$\blacksquare$