# Mathematician:Archytas of Tarentum

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## Mathematician

Greek philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, statesman, and strategist.

He was a scientist of the Pythagorean school.

Reputedly the founder of mathematical mechanics.

Much of book $\text{VII}$ and book $\text{VIII}$ of Euclid's *The Elements* can be attributed to him.

Invented the Archytas curve: a curve in three-dimensional space which can be used for Doubling the Cube.

A good friend of Plato.

## Nationality

Greek

## History

- Born: about 428 BC in Tarentum (now Taranto), Magna Graecia (now Italy)
- Died: about 350 BC

## Theorems and Definitions

Definitions of concepts named for **Archytas of Tarentum** can be found here.

## Works

Several lost works, though some fragments remain.

## Sources

- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "Archytas of Tarentum": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive

- 1937: Eric Temple Bell:
*Men of Mathematics*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $\text{II}$: Modern Minds in Ancient Bodies - 1986: David Wells:
*Curious and Interesting Numbers*... (previous) ... (next): A List of Mathematicians in Chronological Sequence - 1986: David Wells:
*Curious and Interesting Numbers*... (previous) ... (next): $1 \cdotp 25992 \, 10498 \, 94873 \, 16476 \ldots$ - 1997: David Wells:
*Curious and Interesting Numbers*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): A List of Mathematicians in Chronological Sequence - 1997: David Wells:
*Curious and Interesting Numbers*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): $1 \cdotp 25992 \, 10498 \, 94873 \, 16476 \ldots$ - 2008: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**Archytas of Tarentum**(c.428-c.365 bc)