Mathematician:Dominique François Jean Arago
French mathematician, physicist, astronomer and politician.
First person to construct an electromagnet.
As an active practical astronomer and geographer in troubled political times, once found himself arrested on charges of espionage.
- Born: 26 February 1786 in Estagel, Roussillon, France
- 1803: Entered the école Polytechnique, met and befriended Siméon-Denis Poisson
- 1805: Asked by Poisson to help to complete the measurement the meridian
- 1806: Set out with Jean-Baptiste Biot for Spain on the meridian measurement task.
- 1808: Landed on Mallorca, arrested for espionage
- 1809: After many adventures, returned home
- 1809: Became assistant professor at École Polytechnique and member of Academy of Sciences
- 1809: Started work at Paris Observatory, where he stayed for the rest of his career
- 1811: Married Lucie Carrier-Bescombes
- 1813 -- 1845: Gave a series of popular lectures on astronomy
- 1821: With Biot, extended research to the north, in Scotland at Leith, and in the Shetland Islands
- 1830: Elected as deputy from the Pyrénées-Orientales region
- 1848: Elected to serve as minister of war and the navy; elected to the Executive Power Commission
- Died: 2 October 1853 in Paris, France
- 1835: Inaugurated the Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences
Also known as
Dominique François Jean Arago is usually known by the name François Arago.