Mathematician:Florence Nightingale

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One of the most famous people in British history, she reformed the system of care in military field hospitals.

However, she was also a gifted mathematician, and contributed significantly to the field of statistics.

One-time student of James Joseph Sylvester.




  • Born: 12 May 1820, Florence, Italy
  • Died: 13 August 1910, East Wellow, England

Theorems and Definitions


  • 1849 -- 50: Letters from Egypt: A Journey on the Nile
  • 1851: Cassandra
  • 1858: Notes on Matters Affecting the Health, Efficiency, and Hospital Administration of the British Army, which includes the famous Diagram of the causes of mortality in the army in the East.
  • 1859: Notes on Nursing: What Nursing Is, What Nursing is Not
  • 1870: The Family (critical essay in Fraser's Magazine)