# Mathematician:George Gabriel Stokes

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## Mathematician

Mathematician and physicist who made important contributions to fluid dynamics, optics and mathematical physics.

Known for the Navier-Stokes Equations and Stokes' theorem. He was not the pioneer of the latter; it was named after him for his habit of setting its proof as an examination question.

## Nationality

Irish (then part of Great Britain).

## History

- Born: 13 Aug 1819, Skreen, County Sligo, Ireland
- Died: 1 Feb 1903, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England

## Theorems and Definitions

- Navier-Stokes Equations (with Claude-Louis Navier)
- Kelvin-Stokes Theorem (with Lord Kelvin), regarding surfaces in 3-space and their boundaries, also known as the Classical Stokes' Theorem
- General Stokes' Theorem, regarding arbitrary manifolds and their boundaries

- Stokes Equation, also known as
**Airy's Equation**, for George Biddell Airy.

Results named for **George Gabriel Stokes** can be found here.

Definitions of concepts named for **George Gabriel Stokes** can be found here.

## Also known as

Full name and title: **Sir George Gabriel Stokes FRS**.

## Sources

- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "George Gabriel Stokes": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive

- 1998: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**Stokes, Sir George Gabriel**(1819-1903) - 2008: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**Stokes, Sir George Gabriel**(1819-1903) - 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson:
*The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics*(5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**Stokes, Sir George Gabriel FRS**(1819-1903)