# Mathematician:John Wilder Tukey

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## Mathematician

American mathematician working mainly in the field of statistics.

Made contributions in the fields of nonparametric methods, robustness studies and interpretation of computer graphics.

Developed the use of the box plot, box-and-whisker diagrams and stem-and-leaf displays.

Best known for development of the FFT algorithm.

## Nationality

American

## History

- Born: June 16, 1915, New Bedford, Massachusetts, USA
- Died: July 26, 2000, New Brunswick, New Jersey

## Theorems and Inventions

- Tukey Range Test
- Tukey Lambda Distribution
- Tukey Test of Additivity
- Teichmüller-Tukey Lemma (also known as Tukey-Teichmüller Lemma and Tukey's Lemma) (with Oswald Teichmüller)
- Restricted Tukey-Teichmüller Theorem (with Oswald Teichmüller)

Results named for **John Wilder Tukey** can be found here.

Definitions of concepts named for **John Wilder Tukey** can be found here.

## Publications

- 1940:
*Convergence and Uniformity in Topology* - 1961:
*Discussion, Emphasizing the Connection between Analysis of Variance and Spectrum Analysis*(*Technometrics***Vol. 3**: pp. 191 – 219) www.jstor.org/stable/1266112 - 1963:
*The Examination and Analysis of Residuals*(*Technometrics***Vol. 5**: pp. 141 – 160) (with F.J. Anscombe) www.jstor.org/stable/1266059 - 1977:
*Exploratory Data Analysis*

## Sources

- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "John Wilder Tukey": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive

- 2008: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**Tukey, John Wilder**(1915-2000) - 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson:
*The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics*(5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**Tukey, John Wilder**(1915-2000)