# Mathematician:Mathematicians/Sorted By Birth/1901 - 1910 CE

For more comprehensive information on the lives and works of mathematicians through the ages, see the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, created by John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson.

*The army of those who have made at least one definite contribution to mathematics as we know it soon becomes a mob as we look back over history; 6,000 or 8,000 names press forward for some word from us to preserve them from oblivion, and once the bolder leaders have been recognised it becomes largely a matter of arbitrary, illogical legislation to judge who of the clamouring multitude shall be permitted to survive and who be condemned to be forgotten.*- -- Eric Temple Bell:
*Men of Mathematics*, 1937, Victor Gollancz, London

- -- Eric Temple Bell:

## $\text {1901}$ – $\text {1910}$

### 1901

##### Albert Parry $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1992}$$)$

Russian-born academic and historian who was the translator into English of Boris A. Kordemsky's $1956$ collection *Математическая смекалка*.
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#### February

##### Richard Dagobert Brauer $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1977}$$)$

German / American mathematician who worked mainly in abstract algebra.

Made important contributions to number theory.

Founder of modular representation theory.
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#### March

##### Otto Schreier $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1929}$$)$

Austrian mathematician who made great advances in group theory before dying unfortunately young of sepsis.
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##### Naum Ilyich Akhiezer $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1980}$$)$

Russian mathematician, known for his works in approximation theory and the theory of differential and integral operators.
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#### May

##### Edouard Zeckendorf $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1983}$$)$

Belgian doctor, army officer and amateur mathematician, best known for Zeckendorf's Theorem.
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#### June

##### Raj Chandra Bose $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1987}$$)$

Indian American mathematician and statistician best known for his work in design theory, finite geometry and the theory of error-correcting codes.

Invented the notions of partial geometry, strongly regular graph.

Started a systematic study of difference sets to construct symmetric block designs.

Noted with Sharadchandra Shankar Shrikhande and Ernest Tilden Parker for disproving Euler's Conjecture on Orthogonal Latin Squares.
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#### August

##### Steven Vajda $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1995}$$)$

Hungarian mathematician whose main work was in game theory and mathematical programming.
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##### Edward Thomas Copson $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1980}$$)$

British mathematician best known for his textbooks in various fields.
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##### Semyon Aranovich Gershgorin $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1933}$$)$

Russian mathematician best known for the Gershgorin Circle Theorem.
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#### September

##### Kurt Otto Friedrichs $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1982}$$)$

German applied mathematician whose major contribution was his work on partial differential equations.
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##### Enrico Fermi $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1954}$$)$

Italian (later naturalized American) physicist and the creator of the world's first nuclear reactor.
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#### October

##### François Le Lionnais $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1984}$$)$

French chemical engineer and writer, occasionally on mathematics.
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#### November

##### Ernest Nagel $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1985}$$)$

American philosopher of science, aligned with the logical positivist movement.
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#### December

##### Werner Karl Heisenberg $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1976}$$)$

German theoretical physicist who was one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics.
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##### Frank J. Ayres, Jr. $($$\text {1901}$ – $\text {1994}$$)$

American mathematician best known for his text books.
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### 1902

##### Michael Goldberg $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1990}$$)$

American mathematician best known for the Goldberg polyhedron.
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##### Salomon Lubelski $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {c. 1941}$$)$

Polish mathematician who mainly worked in number theory.

Best known for being the founder of *Acta Arithmetica* with Arnold Walfisz.
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##### Mentzer Russell Wehr $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1984}$$)$

American physicist with a career in teaching.
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#### January

##### Karl Menger $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1985}$$)$

Austrian-American mathematician who worked on mathematics of algebras, algebra of geometries, curve and dimension theory.

Also contributed to game theory and social sciences.
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##### Alfred Tarski $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1983}$$)$

Polish mathematician who worked in several fields of mathematics, in particular logic.

Most famous for the Banach-Tarski Paradox (with Stefan Banach) in $1924$.
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##### Joseph Warner Howe $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1983}$$)$

American physicist working mainly in the field of fluid mechanics and hydraulics.
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##### Oskar Morgenstern $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1977}$$)$

German-born economist notable for founding the field of game theory in collaboration with John von Neumann, and applying it to economics.
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#### February

##### Jovan Karamata $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1967}$$)$

Serbian mathematician working in analysis.

Introduced what is now known as Karamata notation for Stirling numbers.
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##### James Alston Hope Hunter $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1986}$$)$

British mathematician best known for his contributions to recreational mathematics.
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#### May

##### Marcel Jules Edouard Golay $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1989}$$)$

Swiss-born mathematician, physicist, and information theorist, who worked on real-world military and industrial problems.
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##### Leonard Henry Caleb Tippett $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1985}$$)$

English statistician who pioneered extreme value theory.
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##### Frank Yates $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1994}$$)$

English pioneer of $20$th century statistics.
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##### Camillo Herbert Grötzsch $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1993}$$)$

German mathematician working mainly in graph theory
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#### June

##### Carolyn Eisele $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {2000}$$)$

American mathematician and historian of mathematics known as an expert on the works of Charles Sanders Peirce.
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#### July

##### Reinhold Baer $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1979}$$)$

German mathematician known for his work in algebra.

Introduced the concept of an injective module in $1940$.
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#### August

##### Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1984}$$)$

English theoretical physicist who made fundamental contributions to the early development of both quantum mechanics and quantum electrodynamics.
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##### Józef Maria Bocheński $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1995}$$)$

Polish Dominican, logician and philosopher.
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#### October

##### Hansraj Gupta $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1988}$$)$

Indian mathematician specialising in number theory, in particular the study of the partition function.
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#### November

##### Eugene Paul Wigner $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1995}$$)$

Hungarian-American theoretical physicist and mathematician.
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##### Tirukkannapuram Vijayaraghavan $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1955}$$)$

Indian mathematician known for his work on Pisot-Vijayaraghavan numbers.
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#### December

##### Hubert Stanley Wall $($$\text {1902}$ – $\text {1971}$$)$

American mathematician who worked primarily in the field of continued fractions.

One of the leading proponents of the Moore method of teaching.
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### 1903

##### Henrietta O. Midonick $($$\text {c. 1903}$ – $\text {1985}$$)$

Russian mathematician best known for writing *The Treasury of Mathematics*.
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#### February

##### Bartel Leendert van der Waerden $($$\text {1903}$ – $\text {1996}$$)$

Dutch mathematician and historian of mathematics.
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##### Frank Plumpton Ramsey $($$\text {1903}$ – $\text {1930}$$)$

British mathematican most famous for founding the field of what is now called Ramsey Theory.
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#### April

##### Marshall Harvey Stone $($$\text {1903}$ – $\text {1989}$$)$

American mathematician who contributed to real analysis, functional analysis, and the study of boolean algebras.
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##### Isaac Jacob Schoenberg $($$\text {1903}$ – $\text {1990}$$)$

Romanian-American mathematician, known for his discovery of splines.
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##### John Francis Riordan $($$\text {1903}$ – $\text {1988}$$)$

American mathematician and the author of major early works in combinatorics.

Also contributed significantly to the world of literature and poetry.
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##### Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov $($$\text {1903}$ – $\text {1987}$$)$

Russian mathematician active in various fields, including probability theory, topology and intuitionistic logic.
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#### June

##### Alonzo Church $($$\text {1903}$ – $\text {1995}$$)$

American mathematician who pioneered in the field of computability theory and the foundations of computer science.

Best known for his lambda calculus, Church's Theorem and Church's Thesis.
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##### William Vallance Douglas Hodge $($$\text {1903}$ – $\text {1975}$$)$

Scottish mathematician specialising in geometry.
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#### July

##### Kurt Mahler $($$\text {1903}$ – $\text {1988}$$)$

German mathematician working mainly in analysis and number theory.

Proved the Prouhet-Thue-Morse constant and Champernowne constant to be transcendental.
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#### August

##### Antoine Isidore Marie Joseph Appert $($$\text {1903}$ – $\text {1992}$$)$

French mathematician best known for his work in topology.
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#### September

##### Andrey Andreyevich Markov Jr. $($$\text {1903}$ – $\text {1979}$$)$

Soviet mathematician working in the fields of topology, mathematical logic and several others.
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#### November

##### Robert Pollock Gillespie $($$\text {1903}$ – $\text {1977}$$)$

Scottish mathematician who published several important books on mathematics.
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#### December

##### John von Neumann $($$\text {1903}$ – $\text {1957}$$)$

Hungarian-American mathematician who made major contributions to a vast range of fields, including set theory, functional analysis, quantum mechanics, ergodic theory, continuous geometry, economics, computer science, numerical analysis and statistics, to name but a few.

Founded the field of game theory in collaboration with Oskar Morgenstern.

Generally regarded as one of the foremost mathematicians in modern history.
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### 1904

#### March

##### Aline Huke Frink $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {2000}$$)$

American mathematician.
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##### George Gamow $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1968}$$)$

Soviet-American theoretical physicist and cosmologist
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#### April

##### Philip Hall $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1982}$$)$

English mathematician active in the field of group theory.
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#### May

##### Edward James McShane $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1989}$$)$

American mathematician noted for his advancements of the calculus of variations, integration theory, stochastic calculus, and exterior ballistics.
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##### Clifton Paul Fadiman $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1999}$$)$

American intellectual, author, editor, radio and television personality who edited some mathematically-based anthologies.
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#### June

##### John Greenlees Semple $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1985}$$)$

British mathematician whose most important work was in algebraic geometry.
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##### Adolf Lindenbaum $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1941}$$)$

Polish-Jewish logician and mathematician best known for Lindenbaum's Lemma and Lindenbaum-Tarski Algebras.
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##### Witold Hurewicz $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1956}$$)$

Polish mathematician working in set theory, topology, homotopy theory and applied mathematics.
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#### July

##### Helmut Grunsky $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1986}$$)$

German mathematician who worked in complex analysis and geometric function theory.
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##### Carew Arthur Meredith $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1976}$$)$

Irish mathematician and logician best known for his work on development of the shortest known axiomatic bases for logical systems.

Developed the technique of condensed detachment, which is particularly convenient for use in automated theorem solvers.
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#### October

##### Hans Lewy $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1988}$$)$

German born American mathematician, known for his work on partial differential equations and on the theory of functions of several complex variables.
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##### Ingebrigt Johansson $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1987}$$)$

Norwegian mathematician and logician best known for inventing minimal logic.
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#### November

##### John Henry Constantine Whitehead $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1960}$$)$

British mathematician who was one of the founders of homotopy theory.
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#### December

##### Stephen Barr $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1989}$$)$

American freelance writer who turned his hand to mathematics, mainly recreational and topological.
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##### William Hunter McCrea $($$\text {1904}$ – $\text {1999}$$)$

Irish mathematician, physicist and astronomer who specialised in solar physics.
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### 1905

#### January

##### Stanisław Mieczysław Mazur $($$\text {1905}$ – $\text {1981}$$)$

Polish mathematician who made important contributions to geometrical methods in linear and nonlinear functional analysis and to the study of Banach algebras.

Also interested in summability theory, infinite games and computable functions.
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##### Dattathreya Ramchandra Kaprekar $($$\text {1905}$ – $\text {1986}$$)$

Indian recreational mathematician who described several classes of natural numbers including the Kaprekar, Harshad and Self numbers and discovered the Kaprekar constant, named after him.
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#### February

##### Rózsa Péter $($$\text {1905}$ – $\text {1977}$$)$

Hungarian mathematician best known for her work in recursion theory.
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##### Derrick Henry Lehmer $($$\text {1905}$ – $\text {1991}$$)$

American mathematician active mainly in the field of number theory.

Most famous for designing the Lucas-Lehmer Test for determining the primality of Mersenne numbers.

The son of Derrick Norman Lehmer, and married to Emma Lehmer, née Trotskaia.
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#### April

##### Josef Novák $($$\text {1905}$ – $\text {1999}$$)$

Czech mathematician known for his work in topology.
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#### May

##### Karol Borsuk $($$\text {1905}$ – $\text {1982}$$)$

Polish mathematician whose main interest was topology.
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#### September

##### Hans Freudenthal $($$\text {1905}$ – $\text {1990}$$)$

German born Dutch mathematician, made substantial contributions to algebraic topology.

Took an interest in literature, philosophy, history and mathematics education.

One of the most important figures in mathematics education in the $20$th century.
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#### October

##### Wilhelm Ljunggren $($$\text {1905}$ – $\text {1973}$$)$

Norwegian mathematician, specializing in number theory.
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#### November

##### Albert William Tucker $($$\text {1905}$ – $\text {1995}$$)$

Canadian mathematician who made important contributions in topology, game theory, and non-linear programming.
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##### Ivor Bulmer-Thomas $($$\text {1905}$ – $\text {1993}$$)$

British politician and historian of Greek mathematics.
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#### December

##### Piet Hein $($$\text {1905}$ – $\text {1996}$$)$

Danish polymath (mathematician, inventor, designer, author and poet) best known for his short poems, known as gruks or grooks.
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### 1906

#### February

##### James Andrew Clarkson $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {1970}$$)$

American mathematician and professor of mathematics who specialized in number theory.

Known for proving inequalities in Hölder spaces, and derived from them, the uniform convexity of $L^p$ spaces.
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##### Edward Maitland Wright $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {2005}$$)$

English mathematician best known for co-authoring the 1938 work *An Introduction to the Theory of Numbers*, with G.H. Hardy.
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#### March

##### Hunter Rouse $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {1996}$$)$

American physicist working mainly in the field of fluid mechanics and hydraulics.
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#### April

##### Kurt Friedrich Gödel $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {1978}$$)$

Austrian mathematician who emigrated to the U.S.A. in 1940.

Famous for his first and second incompleteness theorems.
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#### May

##### André Abraham Weil $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {1998}$$)$

French mathematician who known for his foundational work in number theory and algebraic geometry.

Founding member and early leader of the Bourbaki group.
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#### June

##### Max August Zorn $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {1993}$$)$

German-born American mathematician who worked in algebra, set theory and numerical analysis.

Best known for Zorn's Lemma, which he discovered in 1935. This is also known as the Kuratowski-Zorn Lemma, thereby acknowledging the work of Kazimierz Kuratowski who had published a version of it in 1922.
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#### July

##### Jean Alexandre Eugène Dieudonné $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {1992}$$)$

French mathematician, notable for research in abstract algebra, algebraic geometry, and functional analysis.

Worked as a historian of mathematics, particularly in the fields of functional analysis and algebraic topology.

Closely involved with the Bourbaki group.
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##### Daniel Edwin Rutherford $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {1966}$$)$

Scottish mathematician who mainly worked on abstract algebra, vector analysis and fluid mechanics, among various others.
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#### August

##### Henry Nelson Goodman $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {1998}$$)$

American philosopher, known for his work on counterfactuals, mereology, the problem of induction, irrealism, and aesthetics.
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##### Jeffrey Charles Percy Miller $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {1981}$$)$

English mathematician and computing pioneer who worked in number theory and on geometry, particularly polyhedra.

Early member of the Computing Laboratory of the University of Cambridge.

He contributed in computation to the construction and documentation of mathematical tables, and by the proposal of certain algorithms.
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#### October

##### Alexander Osipovich Gelfond $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {1968}$$)$

Russian mathematician and prolific writer (Russian: **Алекса́ндр О́сипович Ге́льфонд**) best known for the Gelfond-Schneider Theorem.

Established in $1929$ that $e^\pi$ is transcendental.
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##### Andrey Nikolayevich Tychonoff $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {1993}$$)$

Russian mathematician best known for his work in topology.
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#### November

##### Carl Benjamin Boyer $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {1976}$$)$

American historian of mathematics and science.
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##### Emma Markovna Lehmer $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {2007}$$)$

Russian-born mathematician active mainly in the field of number theory.

The wife of Derrick Henry ("Dick") Lehmer, with whom she was a frequent collaborator.
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#### December

##### Nelson James Dunford $($$\text {1906}$ – $\text {1986}$$)$

American mathematician, known for his work in functional analysis, namely integration of vector valued functions, ergodic theory, and linear operators.
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### 1907

#### January

##### Raymond Edward Alan Christopher Paley $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1933}$$)$

English mathematician who worked mainly on of real-variable techniques in complex analysis.
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##### Edwin Arthur Maxwell $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1987}$$)$

Scottish mathematician mainly working in mathematical education.
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#### February

##### Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {2003}$$)$

British-born Canadian mathematician who is best known for his work in geometry.
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##### Willi Ludwig August Rinow $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1979}$$)$

German mathematician who specialized in differential geometry and topology.
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#### March

##### Hassler Whitney $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1989}$$)$

American mathematician who worked mainly in topology.
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#### April

##### Mark Grigorievich Krein $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1989}$$)$

Ukrainian mathematician who worked mainly in functional analysis.

Known for works in operator theory (in close connection with concrete problems coming from mathematical physics), the problem of moments, classical analysis and representation theory.
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##### Henry Scheffé $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1977}$$)$

American statistician known for the Lehmann-Scheffé Theorem and Scheffé's Method.
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##### Lars Valerian Ahlfors $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1996}$$)$

Finnish mathematician noted for his work in analysis.
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#### May

##### Holbrook Mann MacNeille $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1973}$$)$

American mathematician who worked for the United States Atomic Energy Commission before becoming the first Executive Director of the American Mathematical Society.
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##### Boris Anastasyevich Kordemsky $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1999}$$)$

Russian mathematician and educator, best known for his popular science books and mathematical puzzles.
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##### Karl Johannes Herbert Seifert $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1996}$$)$

German mathematician who worked mainly in topology and knot theory.

Collaborated extensively with William Threlfall.

One of the few who managed to weather the 2nd World War without upsetting either the Nazis or the Allies.
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#### August

##### James Roy Newman $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1966}$$)$

American mathematician and historian of mathematics best known for his writings and popularisations.
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#### September

##### Maurice George Kendall $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1983}$$)$

English mathematician who made significant contributions to statistics.
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##### Edwin Mattison McMillan $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1991}$$)$

American physicist and working in nuclear science.

Also worked on the mathematics of computation.
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#### October

##### Sarvadaman D.S. Chowla $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1995}$$)$

British-born Indian American mathematician who worked mainly in number theory.
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##### Harold Davenport $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1969}$$)$

English mathematician who worked mainly in number theory.
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#### November

##### Edward Marczewski $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1976}$$)$

Polish mathematician who worked in mainly in the fields of measure theory, descriptive set theory, general topology, probability theory and universal algebra.
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#### December

##### John Barkley Rosser Sr. $($$\text {1907}$ – $\text {1989}$$)$

American logician best known for his work in mathematical logic.
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### 1908

##### Leonard Harwood Clarke $($$\text {1908}$ – $\text {1964}$$)$

English mathematician who wrote a few textbooks and a book of puzzles.
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##### Eugene Purdy Northrop $($$\text {1908}$ – $\text {1969}$$)$

American mathematician best known for his writings on the subject of paradoxes.
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#### March

##### Theodore Samuel Motzkin $($$\text {1908}$ – $\text {1970}$$)$

German-born Israeli-American mathematician who was one of the pioneers of linear programming.

Also published in the fields of algebra, graph theory, approximation theory, combinatorics, numerical analysis, algebraic geometry and number theory.

Worked as a cryptographer for the British government during World War II.
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#### April

##### John Charles Chenoweth McKinsey $($$\text {1908}$ – $\text {1953}$$)$

American mathematician best known for his work on mathematical logic and game theory. He also made significant contributions to modal logic.
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#### May

##### Morris Kline $($$\text {1908}$ – $\text {1992}$$)$

American physicist, mathematics teacher, historian, and agitator for the teaching of the New Mathematics in schools.
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##### Egbert Rudolf van Kampen $($$\text {1908}$ – $\text {1942}$$)$

Dutch mathematician who made important contributions to topology, especially to the study of fundamental groups.
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#### June

##### Willard Van Orman Quine $($$\text {1908}$ – $\text {2000}$$)$

Legendary American philosopher and logician, known by his friends as **Van**.

Proposed three systems of axiomatic set theory.

The word **quine** was coined by Douglas R. Hofstadter in his classic 1979 work *Gödel, Escher, Bach: an Eternal Golden Braid*, in which what is now known as Quine's Paradox was discussed at length.

The word **quine** is now used for a computer program whose output is itself.
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#### July

##### Meyer Abraham Girshick $($$\text {1908}$ – $\text {1955}$$)$

Russian mathematician who worked in game theory.
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#### September

##### Lev Semenovich Pontryagin $($$\text {1908}$ – $\text {1988}$$)$

Russian mathematician who made major discoveries, mainly in the field of geometric topology.
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##### James Morton Hyslop $($$\text {1908}$ – $\text {1984}$$)$

Scottish mathematician and educationalist primarily linked to South Africa.

Founded the Royal College of Nairobi in $1961$.
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#### October

##### Sergei Lvovich Sobolev $($$\text {1908}$ – $\text {1989}$$)$

Russian mathematician who worked mainly in the fields of analysis and partial differential equations.
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#### December

##### Leon Bankoff $($$\text {1908}$ – $\text {1997}$$)$

American dentist and amateur mathematician best known for his construction of the Bankoff circle.
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##### Willard Frank Libby $($$\text {1908}$ – $\text {1980}$$)$

American physical chemist noted for his role in the $1949$ development of radiometric dating.
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### 1909

#### January

##### Stephen Cole Kleene $($$\text {1909}$ – $\text {1994}$$)$

American mathematician best known as one of the great pioneers in the field of recursion theory.
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##### Thomas Weymon Adair $($$\text {1909}$ – $\text {2007}$$)$

American professor of physics known for his textbooks.
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#### February

##### Claude Chevalley $($$\text {1909}$ – $\text {1984}$$)$

French mathematician who made important contributions to number theory, algebraic geometry, class field theory, finite group theory, and the theory of algebraic groups.

Founding member of the Bourbaki group.
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#### April

##### Stanisław Marcin Ulam $($$\text {1909}$ – $\text {1984}$$)$

Polish-American mathematician who participated in America's Manhattan Project.

Originated the Teller-Ulam design of thermonuclear weapons.

Invented the Monte Carlo method of computation.

Suggested the concept of nuclear pulse propulsion.

Also worked in the fields of both pure and applied mathematics.
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##### Eduard Ludwig Stiefel $($$\text {1909}$ – $\text {1978}$$)$

Swiss mathematician best known for his work in topology.
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#### July

##### Arthur Sard $($$\text {1909}$ – $\text {1980}$$)$

American mathematician, famous for his work in differential topology and in spline interpolation.
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#### August

##### Saunders Mac Lane $($$\text {1909}$ – $\text {2005}$$)$

American mathematician who cofounded category theory with Samuel Eilenberg.

Introduced the diagrammatic approach to mathematics, in particular pioneering the use of commutative diagrams.
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##### Florence Nightingale David $($$\text {1909}$ – $\text {1993}$$)$

English mathematician noted for her work in statistics.
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#### October

##### Bernhard Hermann Neumann $($$\text {1909}$ – $\text {2002}$$)$

German-born mathematician who was one of the leaders in the field of group theory.

Husband of Hanna Neumann and father of Peter Michael Neumann.
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#### November

##### Victor Lyle Streeter $($$\text {1909}$ – $\text {2015}$$)$

American mathematician specialising in fluid mechanics.
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##### Gerhard Karl Erich Gentzen $($$\text {1909}$ – $\text {1945}$$)$

German mathematician and logician who made progress in symbolic logic.

Proved that the Peano axioms are consistent.
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### 1910

#### February

##### Sumner Byron Myers $($$\text {1910}$ – $\text {1955}$$)$

American mathematician specializing in topology and differential geometry.
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##### Joseph Leo Doob $($$\text {1910}$ – $\text {2004}$$)$

American mathematician specializing in analysis and probability theory.

Developed the theory of martingales.
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#### March

##### Charles Pisot $($$\text {1910}$ – $\text {1984}$$)$

French mathematician best known as one of the primary investigators of the Pisot-Vijayaraghavan numbers.

Argued as being a significant influence in the development of Number Theory.
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#### April

##### Norman Earl Steenrod $($$\text {1910}$ – $\text {1971}$$)$

American mathematician most widely known for his contributions to the field of algebraic topology.
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#### June

##### Fritz John $($$\text {1910}$ – $\text {1994}$$)$

German mathematician best known for his work on partial differential equations and ill-posed problems.
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#### July

##### Lothar Collatz $($$\text {1910}$ – $\text {1990}$$)$

German mathematician best known for posing the Collatz Conjecture.
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#### August

##### Tjalling Charles Koopmans $($$\text {1910}$ – $\text {1985}$$)$

Dutch American mathematician and economist.
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#### October

##### Nathan Jacobson $($$\text {1910}$ – $\text {1999}$$)$

Polish-American mathematician mainly working in abstract algebra.

Student of Joseph Henry Maclagan Wedderburn.
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##### Cahit Arf $($$\text {1910}$ – $\text {1997}$$)$

Turkish mathematician best known for his work in abstract algebra and algebraic number theory.
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##### Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar $($$\text {1910}$ – $\text {1995}$$)$

Indian-American astrophysicist who was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize for Physics for theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.
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#### November

##### Hua Luogeng $($$\text {1910}$ – $\text {1985}$$)$

Chinese mathematician famous for his important contributions to number theory and for his role as the leader of mathematics research and education in the People's Republic of China.
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#### December

##### Charles Alfred Coulson $($$\text {1910}$ – $\text {1974}$$)$

British mathematician whose main area of research was in applications to molecular physical chemistry.

Published widely in the field of applied mathematics.
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##### Helmut Wielandt $($$\text {1910}$ – $\text {2001}$$)$

German mathematician whose main work was in group theory, especially permutation groups.
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