Mathematician:Mathematicians/Sorted By Birthday/December

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For more comprehensive information on the lives and works of mathematicians through the ages, see the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, created by John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson.

The army of those who have made at least one definite contribution to mathematics as we know it soon becomes a mob as we look back over history; 6,000 or 8,000 names press forward for some word from us to preserve them from oblivion, and once the bolder leaders have been recognised it becomes largely a matter of arbitrary, illogical legislation to judge who of the clamouring multitude shall be permitted to survive and who be condemned to be forgotten.
-- Eric Temple Bell: Men of Mathematics, 1937, Victor Gollancz, London

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$1$st

$1792$: Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky

$2$nd

$1831$: Paul David Gustav du Bois-Reymond
$1873$: Heinrich Dörrie
$1902$: Hubert Stanley Wall

$3$rd

$1921$: Angelo Margaris
$1924$: John Warner Backus
$1936$: Howard Jerome Keisler

$4$th

$1806$: John Thomas Graves
$1882$: Yakov Isidorovich Perelman
$1886$: Ludwig Georg Elias Moses Bieberbach
$1919$: Donald Kalish
$1938$: George Eyre Andrews
$1946$: Ingmar Lehmann
$1965$: Gyula Y. Katona

$5$th

$1863$: Paul Painlevé
$1868$: Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld
$1901$: Werner Karl Heisenberg
$1943$: Robin James Wilson

$6$th

$1856$: Walther Franz Anton von Dyck
$1907$: John Barkley Rosser Sr.
$1916$: John Leroy Kelley

$7$th

$1647$:Giovanni Benedetto Ceva
$1823$: Leopold Kronecker
$1830$: Antonio Luigi Gaudenzio Giuseppe Cremona
$1924$: Mary Ellen Rudin
$1943$: Nicholas Michael Katz

$8$th

$1865$: Jacques Salomon Hadamard
$1919$: Julia Hall Bowman Robinson
$1919$: Ian Naismith Sneddon
$1947$: William Wade Dunham

$9$th

$1571$: Adriaan Metius
$1667$: William Whiston
$1839$: Gustav Roch
$1900$: Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham
$1916$: Irving John Good
$1917$: Sergei Vasilovich Fomin
$1927$: Reuben Hersh

$10$th

$1804$: Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi
$1815$: Augusta Ada Lovelace
$1901$: Frank J. Ayres, Jr.
$1927$: Adrianus Johannes Wilhelmus Duijvestijn

$11$th

$1882$: Max Born
$1948$: Mordechai Ben-Ari

$12$th

$1832$: Peter Ludwig Mejdell Sylow
$1899$: Ruel Vance Churchill
$1950$: Eric Stark Maskin

$13$th

$1887$: George Pólya
$1891$: Hubert Phillips
$1904$: William Hunter McCrea
$1908$: Leon Bankoff
$1910$: Charles Alfred Coulson

$14$th

$1546$: Tycho Brahe
$1936$: Charles Terence Clegg Wall
$1939$: Stephen Arthur Cook
$1965$: Clifford Seth Stein

$15$th

$1731$: Francis Maseres
$1802$: János Bolyai
$1847$: Achille Marie Gaston Floquet

$16$th

$1637$: William Neile
$1804$: Viktor Yakovlevich Bunyakovsky
$1849$: Gyula Kőnig
$1905$: Piet Hein

$17$th

$1619$: Prince Rupert of the Rhine
$1835$: Felice Casorati
$1842$: Marius Sophus Lie
$1908$: Willard Frank Libby
$1920$: Kenneth Eugene Iverson

$18$th

$1856$: Joseph John Thomson
$1936$: Bernd Fischer

$19$th

$1783$: Charles Julien Brianchon
$1887$: Charles Galton Darwin
$1910$: Helmut Wielandt
$1918$: Leon Mirsky
$1930$: William Edward Boyce
$1937$: Barry Charles Mazur
$1944$: Mitchell Jay Feigenbaum

$20$th

$1494$: Oronce Finé
$1838$: Edwin Abbott Abbott
$1843$: Paul Tannery
$1875$: Francesco Paolo Cantelli
$1932$: Dirk van Dalen
$1950$: Geoffrey Richard Grimmett

$21$st

$1878$: Jan Łukasiewicz
$1912$: Jean Grosjean

$22$nd

$1765$: Johann Friedrich Pfaff
$1859$: Otto Ludwig Hölder
$1869$: Dmitri Fyodorovich Egorov
$1887$: Srinivasa Aiyangar Ramanujan
$1897$: Vojtěch Jarník
$1900$: John Clarke Slater

$23$rd

$1913$: Henry Martyn Cundy
$1931$: Basil Gordon
$1932$: Thomas Walter Bannerman Kibble
$1941$: Lucien Szpiro

$24$th

$1822$: Charles Hermite
$1868$: Emanuel Lasker
$1916$: Charles Frederick Mosteller
$1945$: Ian Fraser Kilmister
$1946$: Andrew Chi-Chih Yao
$1948$: Neal Koblitz
$1960$: Carol Jean Vorderman
$1960$: Matt Westwood

$25$th

$1642$: Isaac Newton
$1862$: Wilhelm Weinberg
$1900$: Antoni Szczepan Zygmund
$1920$: Victor Abramovich Zalgaller
$1938$: Lorraine Lois Foster

$26$th

$1532$: Wilhelm Xylander‎
$1618$: Elisabeth of the Palatinate
$1791$: Charles Babbage
$1861$: Friedrich Engel
$1937$: John Horton Conway

$27$th

$1571$: Johannes Kepler
$1654$: Jacob Bernoulli
$1853$: Evgraf Stepanovich Fedorov
$1923$: Harvey Cohn

$28$th

$1903$: John von Neumann
$1940$: Peter Michael Neumann

$29$th

$1256$: Ibn al-Banna' al-Marrakushi
$1856$: Thomas Joannes Stieltjes
$1861$: Kurt Wilhelm Sebastian Hensel
$1947$: Richard E. Crandall

$30$th

$1897$: Stanisław Saks

$31$st

$1896$: Carl Ludwig Siegel
$1945$: Leonard Max Adleman

Precise date unknown

$1704$: Thomas Godfrey


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