# Mathematician:Mathematicians/Sorted By Nation/Levant

For more comprehensive information on the lives and works of mathematicians through the ages, see the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, created by John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson.

*The army of those who have made at least one definite contribution to mathematics as we know it soon becomes a mob as we look back over history; 6,000 or 8,000 names press forward for some word from us to preserve them from oblivion, and once the bolder leaders have been recognised it becomes largely a matter of arbitrary, illogical legislation to judge who of the clamouring multitude shall be permitted to survive and who be condemned to be forgotten.*- -- Eric Temple Bell:
*Men of Mathematics*, 1937, Victor Gollancz, London

- -- Eric Temple Bell:

## Jordan

##### Nicomachus of Gerasa $($$\text {c. 60}$ – $\text {c. 120 C.E.}$$)$

Neo-Pythagorean about whom very little is known.

Unusual in that he used the system of Arabic numerals rather than the then-current cumbersome Roman numerals.

Famously made some conjectures about perfect numbers which were soon shown to be false.

Appears to have had more influence than his (perhaps limited) abilities may have merited.
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## Ascalon

##### Eutocius of Ascalon $($$\text {c. 480}$ – $\text {c. 540}$$)$

Palestinian philisopher about whom little is known. He wrote commentaries on works of Apollonius and Archimedes.

It is possible that Eutocius studied in Alexandria and became its head.
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## Syria

##### Severus Sebokht $($$\text {575}$ – $\text {667}$$)$

Syrian scholar and bishop.

The first Syrian to mention the Indian number system.
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## Israel

##### Dov Jarden $($$\text {1911}$ – $\text {1986}$$)$

Israeli mathematician, writer and linguist best known for his published works.
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##### Avner Friedman $($$\text {b. 1932}$$)$

Israeli-born mathematician, whose primary field of research is partial differential equations, with interests in stochastic processes, mathematical modeling, free boundary problems, and control theory.

Distinguished Professor of Mathematics and Physical Sciences at Ohio State University.
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##### Azriel Lévy $($$\text {b. 1934}$$)$

Israeli mathematician and logician.

Professor emeritus at the University of Jerusalem.

Worked on several results investigating the Axiom of Choice.
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##### Hillel Furstenberg $($$\text {b. 1935}$$)$

Israeli mathematician famous for his proof, using techniques from topology, on the infinitude of primes.
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##### Joseph Hoshen $($$\text {b. 1942}$$)$

Known for the creation of Hoshen-Kopelman algorithm that is used to count clusters (connected components) in large lattices; over the years, the algorithm has found many applications in science and technology.

Demonstrated that solving GPS (Global Positioning System) equation is equivalent to solving the Problem of Apollonius in 3 dimensions.

Developed a graph theoretical method to resolve software dependencies problems; problems that in $1992$ almost brought the delivery of Lucent's 5ESS international switch software updates to a standstill.
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##### Saharon Shelah $($$\text {b. 1945}$$)$

Israeli mathematician known for his work on stable theories.
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##### Mordechai Ben-Ari $($$\text {b. 1948}$$)$

Israeli mathematician best known for his work in mathematical logic and computer science.
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##### Ariel Rubinstein $($$\text {b. 1951}$$)$

Israeli mathematician Israeli economist who works in Economic Theory, Game Theory and Bounded Rationality.
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##### Adi Shamir $($$\text {b. 1952}$$)$

Israeli cryptographer and software engineer, best known for his involvement in the creation of the RSA algorithm.
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##### David Elieser Deutsch $($$\text {b. 1953}$$)$

Israeli-born British physicist who pioneered the field of quantum computation by formulating a description for a quantum Turing machine.
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##### Yuli Eidelman $($$\text {b. 1955}$$)$

Israeli mathematician.
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## Lebanon

##### Faruk Fuad Abi-Khuzam $($$\text {b. c. 1950}$$)$

Lebanese mathematician about whom further information needs to be researched.
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