Mathematician:Mathematicians/Sorted By Nation/Persia
- The army of those who have made at least one definite contribution to mathematics as we know it soon becomes a mob as we look back over history; 6,000 or 8,000 names press forward for some word from us to preserve them from oblivion, and once the bolder leaders have been recognised it becomes largely a matter of arbitrary, illogical legislation to judge who of the clamouring multitude shall be permitted to survive and who be condemned to be forgotten.'
- 1 Assyria
- 2 Persia
- 3 Iran
Iamblichus Chalcidensis (c. 245 – c. 325)
Usually known as Iamblichus. His name in Ancient Greek is Ἰάμβλιχος, probably from Syriac or Aramaic ya-mlku, "He is king".
Assyrian philosopher of the neo-Platonist school.
Thabit ibn Qurra (836 – 901)
Sabian mathematician, physician, astronomer, and translator who lived in Baghdad in the second half of the ninth century during the time of Abbasid Caliphate.
Made important discoveries in algebra, geometry, and astronomy.
One of the first reformers of the Ptolemaic system in Astronomy.
A founder of the discipline of statics.
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Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (c. 780 – c. 850)
Full name: محمد بن موسى ابو جعفر الخوارزمي -- Muḥammad bin Mūsā Abū Ǧaʿfar al-Ḫawārazmī.
Mathematician who lived and worked in Baghdad.
Al-Kindi (c. 801 – c. 873)
Full name: Abu Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn ʼIsḥāq aṣ-Ṣabbāḥ al-Kindī' (Arabic: أبو يوسف يعقوب بن إسحاق الصبّاح الكندي, Latin: Alkindus).
Persian mathematician, philosopher and prolific writer famous for providing a synthesis of the Greek and Hellenistic tradition into the Muslim world.
Abu Bakr al-Karaji (c. 953 – c. 1029)
Full name: Abū Bakr ibn Muḥammad ibn al Ḥusayn al-Karajī (or al-Karkhī).
Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham (965 – c. 1039)
- Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham
- In Arabic: ابو علي، حسن بن حسن بن الهيثم
- In Persian: ابن هیثم
Best known as Alhacen or (deprecated) Alhazen.
Omar Khayyam (1048 – 1131)
Full name: Ghiyath al-Din Abu'l-Fath Umar ibn Ibrahim Al-Nishapuri al-Khayyami (Persian: غیاث الدین ابو الفتح عمر بن ابراهیم خیام نیشاپوری) .
Persian mathematician better known nowadays for his poetry.
Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (1201 – 1274)
In Persian: نصیر الدین طوسی, known in the west as Tusi.
Full name: محمد بن محمد بن الحسن طوسی - Khawaja Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Hasan Tūsī.
Multi-discipline scientist and prolific writer who pre-empted several later Western scientists:
- Darwin with his ideas on evolution
- Copernicus on his heliocentric view of the solar system
- Galileo with his insight into the nature of the Milky Way.
Jamshīd al-Kāshī (c. 1380 – 1429)
In Persian: محمد بن محمد بن الحسن طوسی -- Ghiyās-ud-dīn Jamshīd Kāshānī.
Prominent mathematician of the newly-founded Samarkand Institute.
Maryam Mirzakhani (1977 – 2017)
Iranian mathematician notable for being the first female recipient of the Fields Medal.
Her research topics included Teichmüller theory, hyperbolic geometry, ergodic theory, and symplectic geometry.
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