Mathematician:Mathematicians/Sorted By Nation/Persia
- The army of those who have made at least one definite contribution to mathematics as we know it soon becomes a mob as we look back over history; 6,000 or 8,000 names press forward for some word from us to preserve them from oblivion, and once the bolder leaders have been recognised it becomes largely a matter of arbitrary, illogical legislation to judge who of the clamouring multitude shall be permitted to survive and who be condemned to be forgotten.
- 1 Assyria
- 2 Khwarazm
- 3 Persia
- 4 Iran
Iamblichus Chalcidensis (c. 245 – c. 325)
Usually known as Iamblichus. His name in Ancient Greek is Ἰάμβλιχος, probably from Syriac or Aramaic ya-mlku, "He is king".
Assyrian philosopher of the neo-Platonist school.
Thabit ibn Qurra (836 – 901)
Sabian mathematician, physician, astronomer, and translator who lived in Baghdad in the second half of the ninth century during the time of Abbasid Caliphate.
Made important discoveries in algebra, geometry, and astronomy.
One of the first reformers of the Ptolemaic system in Astronomy.
A founder of the discipline of statics.
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Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (c. 780 – c. 850)
Mathematician who lived and worked in Baghdad.
Abu Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad Al-Biruni (973 – 1048)
Khwarazmi scholar and polymath.
Thoroughly documented the Indian calendar with relation to the various Islamic calendars of his day.
Al-Kindi (c. 801 – c. 873)
Persian mathematician, philosopher and prolific writer famous for providing a synthesis of the Greek and Hellenistic tradition into the Muslim world.
Abu'l-Wafa Al-Buzjani (940 – 998)
Persian mathematician and astronomer who made important innovations in spherical trigonometry.
His work on arithmetic for businessmen contains the first instance of using negative numbers in a medieval Islamic text.
Credited with compiling the tables of sines and tangents at $15'$ intervals
Introduced the secant and cosecant functions, and studied the interrelations between the six trigonometric lines associated with an arc.
His Almagest was widely read by medieval Arabic astronomers in the centuries after his death. He is known to have written several other books that have not survived.
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Abu Bakr al-Karaji (c. 953 – c. 1029)
Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham (965 – c. 1039)
Omar Khayyam (1048 – 1131)
Persian mathematician better known nowadays for his poetry.
Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (1201 – 1274)
Multi-discipline scientist and prolific writer who pre-empted several later Western scientists:
- Darwin with his ideas on evolution
- Copernicus on his heliocentric view of the solar system
- Galileo with his insight into the nature of the Milky Way.
Calculated the value of $51'$ for the precession of the equinoxes.
Jamshīd al-Kāshī (c. 1380 – 1429)
Prominent mathematician of the newly-founded Samarkand Institute.
Maryam Mirzakhani (1977 – 2017)
Iranian mathematician notable for being the first female recipient of the Fields Medal.
Her research topics included Teichmüller theory, hyperbolic geometry, ergodic theory, and symplectic geometry.
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