# Mathematician:Mathematicians/Sorted By Nation/Sweden

For more comprehensive information on the lives and works of mathematicians through the ages, see the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, created by John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson.

*The army of those who have made at least one definite contribution to mathematics as we know it soon becomes a mob as we look back over history; 6,000 or 8,000 names press forward for some word from us to preserve them from oblivion, and once the bolder leaders have been recognised it becomes largely a matter of arbitrary, illogical legislation to judge who of the clamouring multitude shall be permitted to survive and who be condemned to be forgotten.*- -- Eric Temple Bell:
*Men of Mathematics*, 1937, Victor Gollancz, London

- -- Eric Temple Bell:

## Sweden

##### Emanuel Swedenborg $($$\text {1688}$ – $\text {1772}$$)$

Swedish pluralistic-Christian theologian, scientist, philosopher and mystic.

He became best known for his book on the afterlife, *Heaven and Hell*.

Advocate of the use of octal notation.
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##### Anders Celsius $($$\text {1701}$ – $\text {1744}$$)$

Swedish astronomer, physicist and mathematician whose best known contribution to science was his $1742$ proposal of what is now known as the Celsius temperature scale.
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##### Anders Jonas Ångström $($$\text {1814}$ – $\text {1874}$$)$

Swedish physicist who was one of the founders of the science of spectroscopy.
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##### John Williams Nystrom $($$\text {1825}$ – $\text {1885}$$)$

Swedish, later American, civil engineer, inventor, and author.

Best known for inventing a calculating machine and a system of hexadecimal notation.
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##### Magnus Gustaf Mittag-Leffler $($$\text {1846}$ – $\text {1927}$$)$

Swedish mathematician whose mathematical contributions are connected chiefly with the theory of functions.
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##### Ivar Otto Bendixson $($$\text {1861}$ – $\text {1935}$$)$

Swedish mathematician who worked mainly in the fields of set theory, analysis and differential equations.
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##### Lars Edvard Phragmén $($$\text {1863}$ – $\text {1937}$$)$

Swedish mathematician who contributed towards the field of complex function theory.

Also contributed towards the field of insurance mathematics.
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##### Niels Fabian Helge von Koch $($$\text {1870}$ – $\text {1924}$$)$

Swedish mathematician who gave his name to the famous fractal known as the Koch snowflake, one of the earliest fractal curves to be described.
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##### Ernst Hjalmar Waloddi Weibull $($$\text {1887}$ – $\text {1979}$$)$

Swedish engineer, scientist, and mathematician best known for giving his name to the Weibull distribution.
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##### Tage Gills Torsten Carleman $($$\text {1892}$ – $\text {1949}$$)$

Swedish mathematician whose main work was in analysis and applied mathematics.
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##### Carl Harald Cramér $($$\text {1893}$ – $\text {1985}$$)$

Swedish mathematician, actuary, and statistician, specializing in mathematical statistics and probabilistic number theory.
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##### Arne E. Broman $($$\text {1913}$ – $\text {1995}$$)$

Swedish mathematician who primarily contributed to analysis.
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##### Carl-Erik Fröberg $($$\text {1918}$ – $\text {2007}$$)$

Swedish computer scientist and physicist.

One of the pioneers in the field of numerical analysis.
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##### Lennart Axel Edvard Carleson $($$\text {b. 1928}$$)$

Swedish mathematician, known as a leader in the field of harmonic analysis.

Proved Lusin's Conjecture.
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##### Hans Ivar Riesel $($$\text {1929}$ – $\text {2014}$$)$

Swedish mathematician who found the $18$th Mersenne prime $2^{3217} - 1$ in $1957$.

He held the record for the highest known prime from $1957$ to $1961$, when Alexander Hurwitz found the next two.
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##### Lars Valter Hörmander $($$\text {1931}$ – $\text {2012}$$)$

Swedish mathematician best known for his work on linear partial differential equations.
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##### Anders Vretblad $($$\text {b. 1943}$$)$

Swedish mathematician known as the writer of the books *Algebra och Kombinatorik* and *Fourier Analysis and its Applications*.
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##### Per H. Enflo $($$\text {b. 1944}$$)$

Swedish mathematician who has solved fundamental problems in functional analysis.
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