Mathematician:Mathematicians/Sorted By Nation/Sweden

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For more comprehensive information on the lives and works of mathematicians through the ages, see the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, created by John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson.

The army of those who have made at least one definite contribution to mathematics as we know it soon becomes a mob as we look back over history; 6,000 or 8,000 names press forward for some word from us to preserve them from oblivion, and once the bolder leaders have been recognised it becomes largely a matter of arbitrary, illogical legislation to judge who of the clamouring multitude shall be permitted to survive and who be condemned to be forgotten.'
-- Eric Temple Bell: Men of Mathematics, 1937, Victor Gollancz, London

Sweden

Anders Celsius (1701 – 1744)

Swedish astronomer, physicist and mathematician whose best known contribution to science was his $1742$ proposal of what is now known as the Celsius temperature scale.
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Magnus Gustaf Mittag-Leffler (1846 – 1927)

Swedish mathematician whose mathematical contributions are connected chiefly with the theory of functions.
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Ivar Otto Bendixson (1861 – 1935)

Swedish mathematician who worked mainly in the fields of set theory, analysis and differential equations.
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Lars Edvard Phragmén (1863 – 1937)

Contributed towards the field of complex function theory.

Also contributed towards the field of insurance mathematics.
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Torsten Carleman (1892 – 1949)

Tage Gills Torsten Carleman was a Swedish mathematician whose main work was in analysis and applied mathematics.
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Arne E. Broman (1913 – 1995)

Swedish mathematician who primarily contributed to analysis.
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Carl-Erik Fröberg (1918 – 2007)

Swedish computer scientist and physicist.

One of the pioneers in the field of numerical analysis.
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Hans Ivar Riesel (1929 – 2014)

Swedish mathematician who found the $18$th Mersenne prime $2^{3217} - 1$ in $1957$.

He held the record for the highest known prime from $1957$ to $1961$, when Alexander Hurwitz found the next two.
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Anders Vretblad (b. 1943 )

Swedish mathematician known as the writer of the books Algebra och Kombinatorik and Fourier Analysis and its Applications.
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Per H. Enflo (b. 1944 )

Swedish mathematician who has solved fundamental problems in functional analysis.
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