Mathematician:Mathematicians/Sorted By Nation/Turkey
- The army of those who have made at least one definite contribution to mathematics as we know it soon becomes a mob as we look back over history; 6,000 or 8,000 names press forward for some word from us to preserve them from oblivion, and once the bolder leaders have been recognised it becomes largely a matter of arbitrary, illogical legislation to judge who of the clamouring multitude shall be permitted to survive and who be condemned to be forgotten.
Xenocrates of Chalcedon (c. 396/5 – c. 314/3 BCE)
Greek philosopher and mathematician born in what is now Turkey.
Hipparchus of Nicaea (c. 190 – c. 120 BCE)
Greek astronomer, geographer, and mathematician of Turkish origin.
Derived the first known set of trigonometrical tables.
Discovered the precession of the equinoxes.
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Theon of Smyrna (c. 70 – c. 135 CE)
Greek: Θέων ὁ Σμυρναῖος.
Greek philosopher and mathematician, whose works were strongly influenced by the Pythagorean school of thought.
Isidorus of Miletus (442 – 537)
One of the two main Byzantine Greek architects (with Anthemius of Tralles) that Emperor Justinian I commissioned to design the church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople from $532$ – $537$.
Leon the Mathematician (c. 790 – c. 870)
Archbishop of Thessalonike between $840$ and $843$.
Byzantine sage at the time of the first Byzantine renaissance of letters and the sciences in the $9$th century.
He was born probably in Constantinople where he studied grammar.
He later learnt philosophy, rhetoric, and arithmetic in Andros.
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Cahit Arf (1910 – 1997)