# Mathematician:Max Born

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## Mathematician

German-Jewish physicist and mathematician who was instrumental in the development of quantum mechanics.

Also made contributions to solid-state physics and optics.

Supervised the work of a number of notable physicists in the 1920s and 1930s.

## Nationality

German

## History

- Born: 11 December 1882 in Breslau, German Empire (now Wrocław, Poland)
- 1954: Awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics
- Died: 5 January 1970 in Göttingen, West Germany (now Germany)

## Theorems and Definitions

- Born-Haber Cycle (with Fritz Haber)
- Born Rigidity
- Born Coordinates
- Born Approximation
- Born Series
- Born Probability
- Born-Infeld Theory (with Leopold Infeld)
- Born-Oppenheimer Approximation (with Julius Robert Oppenheimer)
- Born Rule
- Born-Landé Equation (with Alfred Landé)
- Born-Huang Approximation (with Huang Kun)
- Born-von Karman Boundary Condition (with Theodore von Kármán)
- Born Equation

## Publications

- 1933:
*Moderne Physik*- 1935:
*Atomic Physics*(translated by John Dougall)- 1937:
*Atomic Physics, 2nd ed.*(translated by John Dougall) - 1944:
*Atomic Physics, 3rd ed.*(translated by John Dougall) - 1946:
*Atomic Physics, 4th ed.*(translated by John Dougall) - 1951:
*Atomic Physics, 5th ed.*(translated by John Dougall) - 1957:
*Atomic Physics, 6th ed.*(translated by John Dougall) - 1962:
*Atomic Physics, 7th ed.*(translated by John Dougall)

- 1937:

- 1935:

## Sources

- 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson:
*The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics*(5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Born, Max FRS**(1882-1970)