Polish mathematician and astronomer who modelled the universe with the Sun at the center, not the Earth.
His book De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres) sparked a revolution in scientific thought.
- Born: 19 February 1473 in Toruń, Poland
- Died: 24 May 1543 in Frauenburg (now Frombork), Poland
The heliocentric universe
- 1514: Little Commentary
- 1543: De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres)
Also known as
To every generation of English schoolboys: Copper Knickers.
- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "Nicolaus Copernicus": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive