# Mathematician:Nicolaus II Bernoulli

## Mathematician

Swiss mathematician who worked mostly on curves, differential equations and probability theory. He also contributed to fluid dynamics.

Studied as a lawyer, and became involved in the priority dispute between Newton and Leibniz, and also the one between Johann Bernoulli and Brook Taylor.

Posed the problem of reciprocal orthogonal trajectories in $1720$.

Son of Johann Bernoulli and the elder brother of Daniel Bernoulli and Johann II Bernoulli.

## Nationality

Swiss

## History

- Born: 6 Feb 1695, Basel, Switzerland
- 1708: Studied mathematics and law at the University of Basel
- 1711: Received Master's of Philosophy degree
- 1715: Received a Doctorate in Law
- 1716 - 17: Private tutor in Venice
- 1719: Took the Chair in Mathematics at the University of Padua
- 1723: Law professor at the Berner Oberen Schule
- 1725: Together with his brother Daniel Bernoulli, invited by Peter the Great to the newly founded St. Petersburg Academy
- Died: 31 July 1726, St Petersburg, Russia

He was succeeded at St. Petersburg Academy in 1727 by Leonhard Euler, who had been recommended by the Bernoulli brothers.

## Also see

## Also known as

1937: Eric Temple Bell: *Men of Mathematics* refers to **Nicolaus II Bernoulli** as **Nicolaus III Bernoulli**, which appears to arise from a confusion between Nicolaus Bernoulli (1662 – 1716) and Nicolaus II Bernoulli (1695 – 1726).

## Sources

- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "Nicolaus II Bernoulli": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive

- 2008: Ian Stewart:
*Taming the Infinite*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $6$: Curves and Coordinates: Cartesian coordinates