Mathematician:Nicomachus of Gerasa
Nicomachus (Greek: Νικόμαχος) was a Neo-Pythagorean about whom very little is known.
Famously made some conjectures about perfect numbers which were soon shown to be false.
Appears to have had more influence than his (perhaps limited) abilities may have merited.
Some consider him to be "one of the greatest mathematicians in human history" which should perhaps be considered to be unwarranted hyperbole.
- Born: c. 60 CE, Gerasa, in Roman Syria (now Jerash, Jordan)
- Died: c. 120 CE
Results named for Nicomachus of Gerasa can be found here.
- One Perfect Number for Each Number of Digits
- Last Digit of Perfect Numbers Alternates between $6$ and $8$
- Introduction to Arithmetic (Greek: Ἀριθμητικὴ εἰσαγωγή)
- Manual of Harmonics (Greek: Ἐνχειρίδιον ἁρμονικῆς)
Several other works of his are referred to by other ancient writers, but unfortunately appear not to have survived:
- Art of Arithmetic (Greek: Τεχνη ἀριθμητικῆ)
- A larger work on music
- An Introduction to Geometry (may not have been Nicomachus's work)
- Theology of Arithmetic (Greek: Θεολογούμενα ἀριθμητικῆς). (There exists a work under this name written two centuries later which contains quotations from it.)
- A Life of Pythagoras
- A collection of Pythagorean dogmata
- On Egyptian festivals (Greek: Περὶ ἑορτῶν Αἰγυπτίων) (may not have been Nicomachus's work).
Also known as
His name can sometimes (erroneously) be seen spelled Nichomachus, but this is incorrect because the first c is a transliteration of Greek $\kappa$ not $\chi$.
- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "Nicomachus of Gerasa": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive