# Mathematician:Richard Ernest Bellman

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## Mathematician

American applied mathematician, who introduced dynamic programming in 1953, and important contributions in other fields of mathematics.

## Nationality

American

## History

- Born: 26 August 1920 in Brooklyn, New York City, USA
- Died: 19 March 1984 in Los Angeles, California, USA

## Theorems and Definitions

- Bellman Equation
- Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman Equation (with William Rowan Hamilton and Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi)
- Bellman-Ford-Moore Algorithm (with Lester Randolph Ford Jr. and Edward Forrest Moore)

Results named for **Richard Ernest Bellman** can be found here.

Definitions of concepts named for **Richard Ernest Bellman** can be found here.

## Publications

- 1949:
*A Survey of the Theory of the Boundedness, Stability, and Asymptotic Behavior of Solutions of Linear and Nonlinear Differential and Difference Equations* - 1954:
*A Survey of the Mathematical Theory of Time-Lag, Retarded Control, and Hereditary Processes* - 1954:
*Dynamic Programming of Continuous Processes* - 1957:
*Dynamic Programming* - 1958:
*Some Aspects of the Mathematical Theory of Control Processes* - 1959:
*Asymptotic Behavior of Solutions of Differential Equations* - 1960:
*Introduction to Matrix Analysis* - 1961:
*A Brief Introduction to Theta Functions* - 1961:
*An Introduction to Inequalities* - 1961:
*Adaptive Control Processes: A Guided Tour* - 1961:
*Inequalities* - 1962:
*Applied Dynamic Programming* - 1963:
*Differential-difference equations* - 1964:
*Perturbation Techniques in Mathematics, Physics, and Engineering* - 1965:
*Dynamic Programming and Modern Control Theory* - 1967:
*Introduction to the Mathematical Theory of Control Processes* - 1970:
*Algorithms, Graphs and Computers* - 1972:
*Dynamic Programming and Partial Differential Equations* - 1982:
*Mathematical Aspects of Scheduling and Applications* - 1983:
*Mathematical Methods in Medicine* - 1984:
*Partial Differential Equations* - 1984:
*Eye of the Hurricane: An Autobiography*

## Notable Quotes

*If you can solve it, it is an exercise; otherwise it's a research problem.*- -- Apocryphal: quoted in 1997: Donald E. Knuth:
*The Art of Computer Programming: Volume 1: Fundamental Algorithms*(3rd ed.): Notes on the Exercises

- -- Apocryphal: quoted in 1997: Donald E. Knuth:

## Sources

- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "Richard Ernest Bellman": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive

- 1997: Donald E. Knuth:
*The Art of Computer Programming: Volume 1: Fundamental Algorithms*(3rd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Notes on the Exercises