Mathematician:Sophie Germain

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Marie-Sophie Germain was a French mathematician who contributed to differential geometry and number theory, and provided some insights into aspects of Fermat's Last Theorem.

She was completely self-taught (as women were not encouraged to do that sort of thing in those days) and contributed her early work under the pseudonym Monsieur LeBlanc.

Had Gauss and Lagrange as mentors, but apart from that, suffered throughout her career from prejudice against her gender.




  • Born: April 1, 1776, Paris, France
  • Died: June 27, 1831, Kent, England

Theorems and Definitions

Results named for Sophie Germain can be found here.

Definitions of concepts named for Sophie Germain can be found here.


  • Oeuvres Philosophique de Sophie Germain