Mathematician:William Whewell

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English polymath, scientist, Anglican priest, philosopher, theologian, and historian of science.

Originator of many new scientific terms, including ion, cathode, Eocene, Miocene, physicist, and scientist.

The name Whewell is pronounced Hew-ell, not Wee-well.




  • Born: 24 May 1794 in Lancaster, Lancashire, England
  • Died: 6 March 1866 in Cambridge, England

Theorems and Definitions

Definitions of concepts named for William Whewell can be found here.


  • 1819: An Elementary Treatise on Mechanics
  • 1823: A Treatise on Dynamics
  • 1828: Essay on Mineralogical Classification and Nomenclature
  • 1830: Architectural Notes on German Churches, with Remarks on the Origin of Gothic Architecture
  • 1831: Review of J. Herschel's Preliminary discourse on the study of Natural Philosophy (1830)
  • 1833: Astronomy and general physics considered with reference to Natural Theology
  • 1837: History of the Inductive Sciences, from the Earliest to the Present Times (3 vols)
  • 1837: On the Foundation of Morals
  • 1839: The Mechanical Euclid, containing the Elements of Mechanics and Hydrostatics demonstrated after the Manner of the Elements of Geometry
  • 1840: The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences, founded upon their history (2 vols)
  • 1845: The Elements of Morality, including polity (2 vols)
  • 1846: Lectures on systematic Morality
  • 1849: Of Induction, with especial reference to Mr. J. Stuart Mill's System of Logic
  • 1849: Of the Intrinsic Equation of a Curve, and its Application
  • 1850: Mathematical exposition of some doctrines of political economy: second memoir
  • 1852: Lectures on the history of Moral Philosophy
  • 1853: Hugonis Grotii de jure belli et pacis libri tres : accompanied by an abridged translation by William Whewell
  • 1853: Of the Plurality of Worlds
  • 1858: The history of scientific ideas (2 vols)
  • 1858: Novum Organon renovatum
  • 1860: On the philosophy of discovery: chapters historical and critical
  • 1861: Plato's Republic (translation)
  • 1862: Six Lectures on Political Economy
  • 1862: Additional Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy
  • 1866: Comte and Positivism