# Mathematician:Zeno of Elea

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## Mathematician

Greek: **Ζήνων ὁ Ἐλεάτης**.

Pre-Socratic philosopher of southern Italy.

Member of the Eleatic School founded by Parmenides. Aristotle called him the "inventor of the dialectic".

Best known for his paradoxes, which Bertrand Russell described as "immeasurably subtle and profound".

Said to have been a "self-taught country boy".

According to legend, he was beheaded for treason.

## Nationality

Greek, living in Elea, in southern Italy

## History

- Born: c. 490 BCE(?), Elea, Lucania (now southern Italy)
- Died: c. 430 or 425 BCE(?), Elea, Lucania (now southern Italy)

## Theorems and Definitions

Results named for **Zeno of Elea** can be found here.

## Published Works

None of Zeno's writings survive.

## Sources

- 1937: Eric Temple Bell:
*Men of Mathematics*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $\text{II}$: Modern Minds in Ancient Bodies - 1989: Ephraim J. Borowski and Jonathan M. Borwein:
*Dictionary of Mathematics*... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**Zeno's paradoxes** - 1998: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**Zeno's paradoxes** - 2008: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**Zeno's paradoxes** - 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson:
*The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics*(5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**Zeno of Elea**(5th century bc)