# Multiplication of Real and Imaginary Parts

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## Theorem

Let $w, z \in \C$ be complex numbers.

$(1)$ If $w$ is wholly real, then:

- $\map \Re {w z} = w \, \map \Re z$

and:

- $\map \Im {w z} = w \, \map \Im z$

$(2)$ If $w$ is wholly imaginary, then:

- $\map \Re {w z} = -\map \Im w \, \map \Im z$

and:

- $\map \Im {w z} = \map \Im w \, \map \Re z$

Here, $\map \Re z$ denotes the real part of $z$, and $\map \Im z$ denotes the imaginary part of $z$.

## Proof

Assume that $w$ is wholly real.

Then:

\(\displaystyle w z\) | \(=\) | \(\displaystyle \map \Re w \, \map \Re z - \map \Im w \, \map \Im z + i \paren {\map \Re w \, \map \Im z + \map \Im w \, \map \Re z}\) | Definition of Complex Multiplication | ||||||||||

\(\displaystyle \) | \(=\) | \(\displaystyle w \, \map \Re z + i w \, \map \Im z\) | as $\map \Re w = w$ and $\map \Im w = 0$ |

This equation shows that $\map \Re {w z} = w \, \map \Re z$, and $\map \Im {w z} = w \, \map \Im z$.

This proves $(1)$.

Now, assume that $w$ is wholly imaginary.

Then:

\(\displaystyle w z\) | \(=\) | \(\displaystyle \map \Re w \, \map \Re z - \map \Im w \, \map \Im z + i \paren {\map \Re w \, \map \Im z + \map \Im w \, \map \Re z}\) | |||||||||||

\(\displaystyle \) | \(=\) | \(\displaystyle -\map \Im w \, \map \Im z) + i \, \map \Im w \, \map \Re z\) | as $\map \Re w = 0$ |

This equation shows that $\map \Re {w z} = -\map \Im w \, \map \Im z$, and $\map \Im {w c} = \map \Im w \, \map \Re z$.

This proves $(2)$.

$\blacksquare$