Path-Connected Space is Connected

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Theorem

Let $T$ be a topological space which is path-connected.


Then $T$ is connected.


Proof

Let $D$ be the discrete space $\set {0, 1}$.

Let $T$ be path-connected.

Let $f: T \to D$ be a continuous surjection.

Let $x, y \in T: \map f x = 0, \map f y = 1$.

Let $I \subset \R$ be the closed real interval $\closedint 0 1$.

Let $g: I \to T$ be a path from $x$ to $y$.

Then by Continuity of Composite Mapping it follows that $f \circ g: I \to D$ is a continuous surjection.

This contradicts the connectedness of $I$ as proved in Subset of Real Numbers is Interval iff Connected.



Hence the result.

$\blacksquare$


Also see


Sources