Primitive of Root of p x + q over Root of a x + b

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Theorem

$\displaystyle \int \sqrt {\frac {p x + q} {a x + b} } \rd x = \frac {\sqrt {\paren {a x + b} \paren {p x + q} } } a + \frac {a q - b p} {2 a} \int \frac {\d x} {\sqrt {\paren {a x + b} \paren {p x + q} } }$


Proof

From Primitive of $\dfrac {\paren {p x + q}^n} {\sqrt {a x + b} }$:

$\displaystyle \int \frac {\paren {p x + q}^n} {\sqrt {a x + b} } \rd x = \frac {2 \paren {p x + q}^n \sqrt {a x + b} } {\paren {2 n + 1} a} + \frac {2 n \paren {a q - b p} } {\paren {2 n + 1} a} \int \frac {\paren {p x + q}^{n - 1} } {\sqrt {a x + b} } \rd x$


Putting $n = \dfrac 1 2$:

\(\displaystyle \int \sqrt {\frac {p x + q} {a x + b} } \rd x\) \(=\) \(\displaystyle \frac {2 \paren {p x + q}^{1/2} \sqrt {a x + b} } {\paren {2 \cdot \frac 1 2 + 1} a} + \frac {2 \cdot \frac 1 2 \paren {a q - b p} } {\paren {2 \cdot \frac 1 2 + 1} a} \int \frac {\paren {p x + q}^{1/2 - 1} } {\sqrt {a x + b} } \rd x\)
\(\displaystyle \) \(=\) \(\displaystyle \frac {\sqrt {\paren {a x + b} \paren {p x + q} } } a + \frac {a q - b p} {2 a} \int \frac {\d x} {\sqrt {\paren {a x + b} \paren {p x + q} } }\)

$\blacksquare$


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