Product of Three Consecutive Integers is never Perfect Power

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Let $n \in \Z_{> 1}$ be a (strictly) positive integer.


$\paren {n - 1} n \paren {n + 1}$

cannot be expressed in the form $a^k$ for $a, k \in \Z$ where $k \ge 2$.

That is, the product of $3$ consecutive (strictly) positive integers can never be a perfect power.


Aiming for a contradiction, suppose $\paren {n - 1} n \paren {n + 1} = a^k$ for $a, k \in \Z$ where $k \ge 2$.

We have that:

$\gcd \set {n − 1, n} = 1 = \gcd \set {n, n + 1}$

Thus $n$ must itself be a perfect power of the form $z^k$ for some $z \in \Z$.

That means $\paren {n - 1} \paren {n + 1} = n^2 - 1$ must also be a perfect power of the same form.


$n = r^k$ and $n^2 − 1 = s^k$

for $r, s \in \Z$.


$\paren {r^2}^k = 1 + s^k$

But the only consecutive integers that are $k$th powers are (trivially) $0$ and $1$.

Hence by Proof by Contradiction there can be no such $n$.