# Quotient Group of Quotient Group is Isomorphic to Quotient Group by Preimage under Quotient Mapping

## Theorem

Let $G$ be a group.

Let $H \lhd G$ where $\lhd$ denotes that $H$ is a normal subgroup of $G$.

Let $K \lhd G / H$ and $L = q_H^{-1} \sqbrk K$, where:

$q_H: G \to G / H$ is the quotient epimorphism from $G$ to the quotient group $G / H$
$q_H^{-1} \sqbrk K$ is the preimage of $K$ under $q_H$.

Then there exists a group isomorphism $\phi: \paren {G / H} / K \to G / L$ defined as:

$\phi \circ q_K \circ q_H = q_L$

## Proof

By Quotient Mapping on Structure is Canonical Epimorphism, both $q_K$ and $q_H$ are epimorphisms.

From Composite of Group Epimorphisms is Epimorphism we have that $q_K \circ q_H: G \to \paren {G / H} / K$ is also an epimorphism.

$L \lhd G$
there exists a group isomorphism $\psi: G / L \to \paren {G / H} / K$ satisfying:
$\psi \circ q_L = q_K \circ q_L$

Let $\phi = \psi^{-1}$.

Then $\phi$ is a group isomorphism from $\paren {G / H} / K$ to $G / L$:

$\phi \circ q_k \circ q_H = \phi \circ \psi \circ q_L = q_L$

$\blacksquare$