# Combination Theorem for Continuous Functions/Quotient Rule

< Combination Theorem for Continuous Functions(Redirected from Quotient Rule for Continuous Functions)

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## Theorem

Let $X$ be one of the standard number fields $\Q, \R, \C$.

Let $f$ and $g$ be functions which are continuous on an open subset $S \subseteq X$.

Then:

- $\dfrac f g$ is continuous on $S \setminus \set {x \in S: \map g x = 0}$

that is, on all the points $x$ of $S$ where $\map g x \ne 0$.

## Proof

By definition of continuous, we have that

- $\forall c \in S: \displaystyle \lim_{x \mathop \to c} \map f x = \map f c$
- $\forall c \in S: \displaystyle \lim_{x \mathop \to c} \map g x = \map g c$

Let $f$ and $g$ tend to the following limits:

- $\displaystyle \lim_{x \mathop \to c} \map f x = l$
- $\displaystyle \lim_{x \mathop \to c} \map g x = m$

From the Quotient Rule for Limits of Functions, we have that:

- $\displaystyle \lim_{x \mathop \to c} \frac {\map f x} {\map g x} = \frac l m$

wherever $m \ne 0$.

So, by definition of continuous again, we have that $\dfrac f g$ is continuous on all points $x$ of $S$ where $\map g x \ne 0$.

$\blacksquare$

## Sources

- 1977: K.G. Binmore:
*Mathematical Analysis: A Straightforward Approach*... (previous) ... (next): $\S 9.4 \ \text{(iii)}$ - 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson:
*The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics*(5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**continuous function**(iii)