# Rational Numbers form Metric Subspace of Real Numbers under Euclidean Metric

## Theorem

Let $\left({\Q, d_\Q}\right)$ be the set of rational numbers under the function $d_\Q: \Q \times \Q \to \R$ defined as:

$\forall x, y \in \Q: d \left({x, y}\right) = \left\vert{x - y}\right\vert$

Then $\left({\Q, d_\Q}\right)$ is a metric subspace of $\left({\R, d}\right)$, where:

$\R$ is the set of real numbers
$d: \R \times \R \to \R$ is the Euclidean metric on $\R$.

## Proof

$\Q \subseteq \R$

By the definition of the Euclidean metric on $\R$:

$\forall x, y \in \R: d \left({x, y}\right) = \left\vert{x - y}\right\vert$

and so $d_\Q$ is a restriction of $d$:

$d_\Q = d {\restriction}_{\Q \times \Q}$

From Euclidean Metric on Real Number Line is Metric, $d$ is a metric on $\R$.

The result follows by definition of metric subspace.

$\blacksquare$