# Tonelli's Theorem

## Theorem

Let $\left({X, \Sigma_1, \mu}\right)$ and $\left({Y, \Sigma_2, \nu}\right)$ be $\sigma$-finite measure spaces.

Let $\left({X \times Y, \Sigma_1 \otimes \Sigma_2, \mu \times \nu}\right)$ be the product measure space of $\left({X, \Sigma_1, \mu}\right)$ and $\left({Y, \Sigma_2, \nu}\right)$.

Let $f: X \times Y \to \overline{\R}_{\ge 0}$ be a positive $\Sigma_1 \otimes \Sigma_2$-measurable function.

Then:

$\displaystyle \int_{X \times Y} f \, \mathrm d \left({\mu \times \nu}\right) = \int_Y \int_X f \left({x, y}\right) \, \mathrm d \mu \left({x}\right) \, \mathrm d \nu \left({y}\right) = \int_X \int_Y f \left({x, y}\right) \, \mathrm d \nu \left({y}\right) \, \mathrm d \mu \left({x}\right)$

## Source of Name

This entry was named for Leonida Tonelli.