Universal Property of Quotient Group

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Theorem

Let $G,H$ be a groups.

Let $N\trianglelefteq G$ be an normal subgroup.

Let $\pi : G\to G/N$ be the projection.

Let $f:G\to H$ be a group homomorphism with $N\subset\ker f$.


Then there exists a unique group homomorphism $\overline f:G/N \to H$ such that $f = \overline f \circ \pi$.

$\xymatrix{ G \ar[d]^\pi \ar[r]^{\forall f} & H\\ G/N \ar[ru]_{\exists ! \bar f} }$


Proof

Note that Group Homomorphism is Invariant under Congruence Modulo Kernel.

Uniqueness

By Universal Property of Quotient Set, there exists a unique such mapping $\overline f$.

A fortiori, there exists at most one such group homomorphism.

$\Box$

Existence


Also see