# World's Hardest Easy Geometry Problem

## Theorem Find $x$.

## Solution

We are given that:

$\angle BAC = 70 \degrees + 10 \degrees = 80 \degrees$
$\angle ABC = 60 \degrees + 20 \degrees = 80 \degrees$

Thus by Triangle with Two Equal Angles is Isosceles, $\angle ABC$ is isosceles.

That is:

$AC = BC$

Using Sum of Angles of Triangle equals Two Right Angles we can construct some other angles:

$\angle ACB = 180 \degrees - 80 \degrees - 80 \degrees = 20 \degrees$
$\angle BDC = 180 \degrees - 20 \degrees - 20 \degrees = 140 \degrees$
$\angle AEC = 180 \degrees - 20 \degrees - 10 \degrees = 150 \degrees$
$\angle AEB = 180 \degrees - 70 \degrees - 80 \degrees = 30 \degrees$
$\angle ADB = 180 \degrees - 60 \degrees - 80 \degrees = 40 \degrees$

Construct $DF$ parallel to $AB$.

Draw $AF$ crossing $BD$ at $G$.

Draw $CG$. Thus:

$AD = BF$
$\angle DAB = \angle FBA$
$BC$ is common

Hence from Triangle Side-Angle-Side Equality:

$\triangle ADB = \triangle AFB$

Immediately:

$\angle ABG = \angle BAG$

and so:

$\angle CAG = \angle CBG$

Thus:

$AC = BC$
$\angle CAG = \angle CBG$
$AG = BG$

Hence from Triangle Side-Angle-Side Equality:

$\triangle CAG = \triangle CBG$

Thus:

$\angle ACG = \angle BCG$

But as:

$\angle ACG + \angle BCG = 20 \degrees$

it follows that $\angle ACG = \angle BCG = 10 \degrees$

See that:

$\angle ACG = \angle CAE$
$\angle CAG = \angle ACE$
$AC$ is common

Hence from Triangle Angle-Side-Angle Equality:

$\triangle ACG = \triangle CAE$

and so:

$(1): \quad CE = AG$

Now we have that:

$\angle AGB = \angle DGF = 60 \degrees$
$DG = GF$

So $\triangle DGF$ is equilateral.

Hence:

$DF = DG = GF$

We have that:

$\angle ACF = 20 \degrees$
$\angle CAF = \angle CBD = 20 \degrees$

Hence from Triangle with Two Equal Angles is Isosceles:

$\triangle ACF$ is isosceles

So:

$AF = CF$

As $AG = CE$:

$EF = GF$

and so

 $\displaystyle AG$ $=$ $\displaystyle CE$ from $(1)$ $\displaystyle \leadsto \ \$ $\displaystyle EF$ $=$ $\displaystyle GF$ as $AF = CF$ $\displaystyle \leadsto \ \$ $\displaystyle EF$ $=$ $\displaystyle DF$ as $\triangle DFG$ is equilateral $\displaystyle \leadsto \ \$ $\displaystyle \angle FED$ $=$ $\displaystyle \angle FDE$ as $\triangle DFE$ is isosceles
$\angle DFE = \angle ABC = 80 \degrees$
$\angle FED + \angle FDE = 180 \degrees - \angle DFE = 100 \degrees$

and so:

$\angle FED + \angle FDE = 50 \degrees$

Then:

$\angle DEA = \angle FED - \angle AEB$
 $\displaystyle \angle DEA$ $=$ $\displaystyle \angle FED - \angle AEB$ $\displaystyle$ $=$ $\displaystyle 50 \degrees - 30 \degrees$ $\displaystyle$ $=$ $\displaystyle 20 \degrees$

But $\angle DEA$ is the angle $x$ which was to be found.

Hence the result.

$\blacksquare$