# Definition:Relative Semantic Equivalence/Term

## Definition

Let $\mathcal F$ be a theory in the language of predicate logic.

Let $\tau_1, \tau_2$ be terms.

Then $\tau_1$ and $\tau_2$ are semantically equivalent with respect to $\mathcal F$ if and only if:

$\mathop{ \operatorname{val}_{\mathcal A} \left({\tau_1}\right) } \left[{\sigma}\right] = \mathop{ \operatorname{val}_{\mathcal A} \left({\tau_2}\right) } \left[{\sigma}\right]$

for all models $\mathcal A$ of $\mathcal F$ and assignments $\sigma$ for $\tau_1,\tau_2$ in $\mathcal A$.

Here $\mathop{ \operatorname{val}_{\mathcal A} \left({\tau_1}\right) } \left[{\sigma}\right]$ denotes the value of $\tau_1$ under $\sigma$.