# Book:L. Mirsky/An Introduction to Linear Algebra

## L. Mirsky: An Introduction to Linear Algebra

Published $1955$, Oxford at the Clarendon Press.

### Contents

Preface
PART I: DETERMINANTS, VECTORS, MATRICES, AND LINEAR EQUATIONS
I. DETERMINANTS
1.1. Arrangements and the $\epsilon$-symbol
1.2. Elementary properties of determinants
1.3. Multiplication of determinants
1.4. Expansion theorems
1.5. Jacobi's theorem
1.6. Two special theorems on linear equations
II. VECTOR SPACES AND LINEAR MANIFOLDS
2.1. The algebra of vectors
2.2. Linear manifolds
2.3. Linear dependence and bases
2.4. Vector representation of linear manifolds
2.5. Inner products and orthonormal bases
III. THE ALGEBRA OF MATRICES
3.1. Elementary algebra
3.2. Preliminary notions concerning matrices
3.3. Addition and multiplication of matrices
3.4. Application of matrix technique to linear substitutions
3.6. Inverse matrices
3.7. Rational functions of a square matrix
3.8. Partitioned matrices
IV. LINEAR OPERATORS
4.1. Change of basis in a linear manifold
4.2. Linear operators and their representations
4.3. Isomorphisms and automorphisms of linear manifolds
4.4. Further instances of linear operators
V. SYSTEMS OF LINEAR EQUATIONS AND RANK OF MATRICES
5.1. Preliminary results
5.2. The rank theorem
5.3. The general theory of linear equations
5.4. Systems of homogeneous linear equations
5.5. Miscellaneous applications
5.6. Further theorems on rank of matrices
VI. ELEMENTARY OPERATIONS AND THE CONCEPT OF EQUIVALENCE
6.1. $E$-operations and $E$-matrices
6.2. Equivalent matrices
6.3. Applications of the preceding theory
6.4. Congruence transformations
6.5. The general concept of equivalence
6.6. Axiomatic characterization of determinants

PART II: FURTHER DEVELOPMENT OF MATRIX THEORY
VII. THE CHARACTERISTIC EQUATION
7.1. The coefficients of the characteristic polynomial
7.2. Characteristic polynomials and similarity transformations
7.3. Characteristic roots of rational functions of matrices
7.4. The minimum polynomial and the theorem of Cayley and Hamilton
7.5. Estimates of characteristic roots
7.6. Characteristic vectors
VIII. ORTHOGONAL AND UNITARY MATRICES
8.1. Orthogonal matrices
8.2. Unitary matrices
8.3. Rotations in the plane
8.4. Rotations in space
IX. GROUPS
9.1. The axioms of group theory
9.2. Matrix groups and operator groups
9.3. Representation of groups by matrices
9.4. Groups of singular matrices
9.5. Invariant spaces and groups of linear transformations
X. CANONICAL FORMS
10.1. The idea of a canonical form
10.2. Diagonal canonical forms under the similarity group
10.3. Diagonal canonical forms under the orthogonal similarity group and the unitary similarity group
10.4. Triangular canonical forms
10.5. An intermediate canonical form
10.6. Simultaneous similarity transformations
XI. MATRIX ANALYSIS
11.1. Convergent matrix sequences
11.2. Power series and matrix functions
11.3. The relation between matrix functions and matrix polynomials
11.4. Systems of linear differential equations

XII. BILINEAR, QUADRATIC, AND HERMITIAN FORMS
12.1. Operators and forms of the bilinear and quadratic types
12.2. Orthogonal reduction to diagonal form
12.3. General reduction to diagonal form
12.4. The problem of equivalence. Rank and signature