Conditions for Homogeneity/Straight Line

Theorem

The line $L = \alpha_1 x_1 + \alpha_2 x_2 = \beta$ is homogeneous if and only if $\beta = 0$.

Proof

Sufficient Condition

Let the line $L = \alpha_1 x_1 + \alpha_2 x_2 = \beta$ be homogeneous.

Then the origin $\tuple {0, 0}$ lies on $L$.

Hence:

 $\ds \alpha_1 0 + \alpha_2 0$ $=$ $\ds \beta$ $\ds \leadsto \ \$ $\ds \beta$ $=$ $\ds 0$

$\Box$

Necessary Condition

Let the equation of $L$ be $\alpha_1 x_1 + \alpha_2 x_2 = 0$.

Then:

$0 = \alpha_1 0 + \alpha_2 0 \in L$

and so:

$\tuple {0, 0}$ lies on $L$

Hence $L$ is homogeneous by definition.

$\blacksquare$