Definition:Convergent Sequence/Topology

From ProofWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Definition

Definition 1

Let $T = \struct {S, \tau}$ be a topological space.

Let $\sequence {x_n}_{n \mathop \in \N}$ be an infinite sequence in $S$.


Then $\sequence {x_n}$ converges to the limit $\alpha \in S$ if and only if:

$\forall U \in \tau: \alpha \in U \implies \paren {\exists N \in \R_{>0}: \forall n \in \N: n > N \implies x_n \in U}$


Definition 2

Let $T = \struct {S, \tau}$ be a topological space.

Let $\sequence {x_n}_{n \mathop \in \N}$ be an infinite sequence in $S$.


Then $\sequence {x_n}$ converges to the limit $\alpha \in S$ if and only if:

$\forall U \in \tau: \alpha \in U \implies \set {n \in \N: x_n \notin U}$ is finite.


Such a sequence is convergent.


Note on Domain of $N$

Some sources insist that $N \in \N$ but this is not strictly necessary and can make proofs more cumbersome.


Also see