Definition:Gravitational Field

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Definition

Every body which has mass influences every other body which has mass, according to Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation.

Thus any body can be considered as being surrounded by a field given rise to by its mass, called a gravitational field.

Its value $\mathbf g$ at any point is given by:

$\mathbf g = \dfrac {G M} {d^3} \mathbf d$

where:

$G$ is the gravitational constant;
$M$ is the mass of the body;
$\mathbf d$ is the displacement vector from the point to the center of gravity of the body, whose magnitude is $d$.