# Definition:Lemniscate of Bernoulli/Polar Definition

## Contents

## Definition

The **lemniscate of Bernoulli** is the curve defined by the polar equation:

- $r^2 = 2 a^2 \cos 2 \theta$

### Focus

Each of the two points $P_1$ and $P_2$ can be referred to as a **focus** of the lemniscate.

### Lobe

Each of the two loops that constitute the **lemniscate** can be referred to as a **lobe** of the lemniscate.

### Major Axis

The line $P_1 P_2$ is the **major axis** of the lemniscate.

### Major Semiaxis

Each of the lines $O P_1$ and $O P_2$ is a **major semiaxis** of the lemniscate.

## Also defined as

Some sources define the polar equation for the **lemniscate of Bernoulli** as:

- $r^2 = a^2 \cos 2 \theta$

which is the same but for a scale factor:

## Also see

## Source of Name

This entry was named for Jacob Bernoulli.

## Historical Note

The **lemniscate of Bernoulli** was investigated in some depth by Jacob Bernoulli, from whom it was given its name.

## Linguistic Note

The word **lemniscate** comes from the Latin word **lemniscus**, which means **pendant ribbon**.

The word may ultimately derive from the Latin **lēmniscātus**, which means **decorated with ribbons**.

This may in turn come from the ancient Greek island of **Lemnos** where ribbons were worn as decorations.

## Sources

- Weisstein, Eric W. "Lemniscate." From
*MathWorld*--A Wolfram Web Resource. http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Lemniscate.html