A paradox is a statement or group of statements that leads to one of the following:
- a contradiction
- a situation which defies intuition
- a result that is merely "puzzling".
The following types of paradox have been identified:
A veridical paradox is a counter-intuitive result which can be demonstrated to be true.
A falsidical paradox is a result which, as well as being absurd on the surface, is the result of faulty reasoning and so is genuinely false.
Such apparent paradoxes can also often be classified as fallacies.
- Results about paradoxes can be found here.