A paradox is a statement or group of statements that leads to one of the following:
- a contradiction
- a situation which defies intuition
- a result that is merely "puzzling".
The following types of paradox have been identified:
A veridical paradox is a counter-intuitive result which can be demonstrated to be true.
A falsidical paradox is a result which, as well as being absurd on the surface, is the result of faulty reasoning and so is genuinely false.
- Results about paradoxes can be found here.
- 1944: Eugene P. Northrop: Riddles in Mathematics ... (previous) ... (next): Chapter One: What is a Paradox?
- 1993: M. Ben-Ari: Mathematical Logic for Computer Science ... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $1$: Introduction: $\S 1.1$: The origins of mathematical logic
- 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): paradox