Definition:Quotient Structure

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Definition

Let $\struct {S, \circ}$ be an algebraic structure.

Let $\RR$ be a congruence relation on $\struct {S, \circ}$.

Let $S / \RR$ be the quotient set of $S$ by $\RR$.

Let $\circ_\RR$ be the operation induced on $S / \RR$ by $\circ$.


The quotient structure defined by $\RR$ is the algebraic structure:

$\struct {S / \RR, \circ_\RR}$


If there is no danger of confusion, we can drop the $\RR$ from $\circ_\RR$ and use $\circ$ for both the operation on $S$ and the induced operation on $S / \RR$.


Also see


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