Definition:Number Base/Radix Point

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Definition

Let $x \in \R$ be a real number such that $x \ge 0$.

Let $b \in \N: b \ge 2$.


In the basis expansion:

$x = \sqbrk {r_m r_{m - 1} \ldots r_2 r_1 r_0 \cdotp d_1 d_2 d_3 \ldots}_b$

the dot that separates the integer part from the fractional part is called the radix point.


Also see

The most common number base is of course base $10$.

So common is it, that numbers written in base $10$ are written merely by concatenating the digits:

$r_m r_{m-1} \ldots r_2 r_1 r_0$


$2$ is a fundamentally important number base in computer science, as is $16$:


Historical Note

The earliest known use of the technique of the radix point is the Babylonian number system.

This was a sexagesimal system which used a specific symbol to separate the integer part from the fractional part.