# Definition:Reflexive Closure

## Definition

### Definition 1

Let $\RR$ be a relation on a set $S$.

The reflexive closure of $\RR$ is denoted $\RR^=$, and is defined as:

$\RR^= := \RR \cup \set {\tuple {x, x}: x \in S}$

That is:

$\RR^= := \RR \cup \Delta_S$

where $\Delta_S$ is the diagonal relation on $S$.

### Definition 2

Let $\RR$ be a relation on a set $S$.

The reflexive closure of $\RR$ is defined as the smallest reflexive relation on $S$ that contains $\RR$ as a subset.

The reflexive closure of $\RR$ is denoted $\RR^=$.

### Definition 3

Let $\RR$ be a relation on a set $S$.

Let $\QQ$ be the set of all reflexive relations on $S$ that contain $\RR$.

The reflexive closure of $\RR$ is denoted $\RR^=$, and is defined as:

$\RR^= := \bigcap \QQ$

That is:

$\RR^=$ is the intersection of all reflexive relations on $S$ containing $\RR$.

## Equivalence of Definitions

The above definitions are all equivalent, as shown on Equivalence of Definitions of Reflexive Closure.

## Also see

• Results about reflexive closures can be found here.